Imam Ali's name in Arabic calligraphy inside the Hagi Sophia, Istanbul
When is Eid-e-Ghadir?
How long until Eid-e-Ghadir?
|This holiday next takes place in 88 Days.|
Dates of Eid-e-Ghadir
|Shias believe that Ali ibn Abi Talib, the cousin of Prophet Muhammed, was appointed as the religious authority and leader of Islam|
Eid-e-Ghadir is a national holiday in Iran, observed on 18 Dhu al-Hijjah.
Also sometimes written as Eid ul Ghadeer, Eid al-Ghadeer, Eid ul Ghadir and Eid al-Ghadir, this eid commemorates the appointment of Ali as Muhammad's successor, an important event to Shia Muslims.
History of Eid-e-Ghadir
A decade after the original Hirja when the Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Medina, he performed the pilgrimage to Mecca, giving the 'Farewell Sermon' to over 120,000 Muslims who had gathered in the valley of Arafat.
On the return journey to Medina, on Dhu al-Hijjah 18 the Muslims arrived at Ghadir Khumm where the following verse of the Quran was revealed:
“Oh Apostle! Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord, and if you do not, you have not delivered His message (at all); and Allah will protect you from the people.” (5:67).
According to Sunni tradition, after the revelation of the verse, the Prophet delivered a sermon that included the declaration that "to whomsoever I am Mawla, Ali is also their Mawla." After the sermon, Muhammad instructed everyone to pledge allegiance to Ali.
Following the death of Muhammad, a year after the Farewell Sermon, a constitutional assembly elected Abu Bakr, rather than Ali, to be the successor of Muhammad as the first Rashidun Caliph. This choice was disputed by some Muslims, who believed that Ali had been appointed as successor. Even though Ali eventually became the fourth and last Rashidun Caliph, the dispute led to the schism between Sunnis and Shias.
For Shia Muslims, it is said that anyone who fasts on this day achieves the equivalent of 60 years of worship. Apart from fasting, the day is also marked by prayers, ritual bathing, the wearing of best clothes, visiting relatives and giving food to believers.
Sardar, Ziauddin. Introducing Islam: A Graphic Guide. Icon Books Ltd.