Maha Shivratri in India in 2021

Maha Shivratri in India in 2021
  How long until Maha Shivratri?
This holiday next takes place in 288 days.
  Dates of Maha Shivratri in India
2022 Mar 1
Andhra PradeshTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
BiharTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
ChandigarhTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
DelhiTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
GoaTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
GujaratTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
HaryanaTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
JharkhandTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
KarnatakaTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
KeralaTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
OdishaTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
PunjabTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
RajasthanTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
TelanganaTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
TripuraTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
UttarakhandTue, Mar 1Regional Holiday
2021 Mar 11
Andhra PradeshThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
BiharThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
ChandigarhThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
DelhiThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
GujaratThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
HaryanaThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
JharkhandThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
KarnatakaThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
KeralaThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
MaharashtraThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
OdishaThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
PunjabThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
RajasthanThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
TelanganaThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
TripuraThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
UttarakhandThu, Mar 11Regional Holiday
2020 Feb 21
Andhra PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
BiharFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
ChandigarhFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
GoaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
GujaratFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
HaryanaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
JharkhandFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
KarnatakaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
KeralaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
MaharashtraFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
OdishaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
PunjabFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
RajasthanFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
TelanganaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
TripuraFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
UttarakhandFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
West BengalFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
2019 Mar 4
Andhra PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
BiharMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
ChandigarhMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
DelhiMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
GujaratMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
HaryanaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
JharkhandMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
KarnatakaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
KeralaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
MaharashtraMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
OdishaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
PunjabMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
RajasthanMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
TelanganaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
TripuraMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
UttarakhandMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
2018 Feb 13, Feb 14
ChhattisgarhWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
DelhiWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
OdishaWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
PunjabWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
TripuraWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
UttarakhandWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Andhra PradeshTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
ChandigarhTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
GoaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
GujaratTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
HaryanaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
JharkhandTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
KarnatakaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
KeralaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
RajasthanTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
TelanganaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
  Summary
According to Hindu mythology, Shivaratri symbolizes the wedding day of Lord Shiva.
  Maha Shivratri in other countries
Maha Shivratri internationally
  Which regions observe Maha Shivratri in 2021?
  Andhra PradeshMar 11Regional Holiday
  BiharMar 11Regional Holiday
  ChandigarhMar 11Regional Holiday
  ChhattisgarhMar 11Regional Holiday
  DelhiMar 11Regional Holiday
  GujaratMar 11Regional Holiday
  HaryanaMar 11Regional Holiday
  Himachal PradeshMar 11Regional Holiday
  Jammu and KashmirMar 11Regional Holiday
  JharkhandMar 11Regional Holiday
  KarnatakaMar 11Regional Holiday
  KeralaMar 11Regional Holiday
  Madhya PradeshMar 11Regional Holiday
  MaharashtraMar 11Regional Holiday
  OdishaMar 11Regional Holiday
  PunjabMar 11Regional Holiday
  RajasthanMar 11Regional Holiday
  TelanganaMar 11Regional Holiday
  TripuraMar 11Regional Holiday
  Uttar PradeshMar 11Regional Holiday
  UttarakhandMar 11Regional Holiday

When is Maha Shivratri?

Maha Shivaratri is a famous Hindu festival celebrated each year in reverence of Lord Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction and regeneration.

A Shivaratri is celebrated on the 13th night and 14th day of every lunar month. The Shivaratri in the month of Falgun (Phalguna) - the last month of Hindu calendar - is Maha Shivaratri which means "the Great Night of Shiva". It takes place just before the arrival of Spring, usually in February or March in the Western calendar.

It is celebrated across India and is a holiday in most states and it is also a public holiday in Mauritius and Nepal.

What is Maha Shivratri?

Maha Shivaratri is the night when Shiva is said to have performed the Tandava Nritya, or the dance of primordial creation, preservation and destruction. According to believers, this saved the world from destruction. Hindu scholars say Maha Shivaratri was the day when Shiva drank poisonous negativity to protect the world.

Maha Shivratri is observed to mark a remembrance of 'overcoming darkness and ignorance' in life and the world. Unlike most festivals, is celebrated at night and is a solemn event.

Shivaratri is also when Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva married again.

The festival is principally celebrated by offerings of Bael (Bel Tree) leaves to Lord Shiva, all day fasting and an all-night-long vigil.

On Maha Shivratri, "Om Namah Shivaya", the sacred mantra of Shiva, is chanted through the day in Shiva temples. Special Puja is held at homes and temples.

The Lingam

Shiva is worshiped in the form of a lingam ( Sanskrit for "sign" or "distinguishing symbol") - a pillar often placed on a receptacle that represents female creative energy. Together it represents the union of organs and the totality of creation. The use of the lingam as a symbol for Shiva was introduced after the Aryan immigration into India, having been taken from aboriginal worship.

According to Hindu legend, Brahma and Vishnu were busy arguing over which among the three was the most powerful god. On hearing this, Shiva manifested in the form of a huge, flaming lingam. It was agreed with Brahma and Vishnu that whoever was first to find the end of the blazing column of fire would be considered the greatest of the Hindu gods. Vishnu, in the form of a boar, started looking for the bottom of the lingam, while Brahma, in the form of a swan, started looking for the top. After years of searching, neither had found an end, and they both had to acknowledge Shiva as the most powerful.

Flowers, incense and other offerings are made, while all through the day the devotees chant the sacred Panchakshara mantra dedicated to Lord "Om Namah Shivaya".

Bel Tree

It is believed that Lord Shiva is fond of the Bel tree, also known as the bilwa or bilva tree, and its leaves and fruit still play a main role in his worship.

Huge gatherings take place in temples all over India, though the biggest celebration is held in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, where Lord Shiva is believed to have stayed. Special celebrations are held at Shiva shrines in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.

All castes (divisions) of Hindu society participate in the worship of Shiva. The ceremonies surrounding Shivratri are particularly popular with Hindu women, especially those wishing to become pregnant.

In India, government offices and educational institutes will be shut on Maha Shivratri.

Muhurta and Puja timings for Maha Shivratri in 2019

According to drikpnchang.com, the Nishita Kaal Puja time is 12:14 am to 1:03 am. The duration will be 49 minutes. Maha Shivaratri Parana time will be 6:49 am to 3:33 pm. Below are timings for other Pujas.

  • Ratri First Prahar Puja Time = 6:28 pm to 9:33 pm
  • Ratri Second Prahar Puja Time = 9:33 pm to 12:38 am
  • Ratri Third Prahar Puja Time = 12:38 am to 3:44 am
  • Ratri Fourth Prahar Puja Time = 3:44 am to 6:49 am.

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