Maha Shivratri in India in 2020

Maha Shivratri in India in 2020
  How long until Maha Shivratri?
This holiday next takes place in 249 days.
  Dates of Maha Shivratri in India
2020Feb 21
Andhra PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
BiharFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
ChandigarhFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
DelhiFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
GoaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
GujaratFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
HaryanaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
JharkhandFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
KarnatakaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
KeralaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
MaharashtraFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
OdishaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
PunjabFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
RajasthanFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
TelanganaFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
TripuraFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
UttarakhandFri, Feb 21Regional Holiday
2019Mar 4
Andhra PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
BiharMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
ChandigarhMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
DelhiMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
GujaratMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
HaryanaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
JharkhandMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
KarnatakaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
KeralaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
MaharashtraMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
OdishaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
PunjabMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
RajasthanMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
TelanganaMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
TripuraMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
UttarakhandMon, Mar 4Regional Holiday
2018Feb 13, Feb 14
ChhattisgarhWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
DelhiWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
OdishaWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
PunjabWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
TripuraWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
UttarakhandWed, Feb 14Regional Holiday
Andhra PradeshTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
ChandigarhTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
GoaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
GujaratTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
HaryanaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
JharkhandTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
KarnatakaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
KeralaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
RajasthanTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
TelanganaTue, Feb 13Regional Holiday
2017Feb 24, Feb 25
PunjabSat, Feb 25Regional Holiday
Andhra PradeshFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
ChandigarhFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
DelhiFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
GujaratFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
HaryanaFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
JharkhandFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
KarnatakaFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
KeralaFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
MaharashtraFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
OdishaFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
TelanganaFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
TripuraFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
UttarakhandFri, Feb 24Regional Holiday
2016Mar 7
Andhra PradeshMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
ChandigarhMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
GujaratMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
HaryanaMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
JharkhandMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
KarnatakaMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
KeralaMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
MaharashtraMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
OdishaMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
PunjabMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
RajasthanMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
TelanganaMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
TripuraMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
UttarakhandMon, Mar 7Regional Holiday
  Summary
According to Hindu mythology, Shivaratri symbolizes the wedding day of Lord Shiva.
  Maha Shivratri in other countries
Maha Shivratri internationally
  Which regions observe Maha Shivratri in 2020?
Andhra Pradesh  Andhra PradeshFeb 21Regional Holiday
Bihar  BiharFeb 21Regional Holiday
Chandigarh  ChandigarhFeb 21Regional Holiday
Chhattisgarh  ChhattisgarhFeb 21Regional Holiday
Delhi  DelhiFeb 21Regional Holiday
Goa  GoaFeb 21Regional Holiday
Gujarat  GujaratFeb 21Regional Holiday
Haryana  HaryanaFeb 21Regional Holiday
Himachal Pradesh  Himachal PradeshFeb 21Regional Holiday
Jammu and Kashmir  Jammu and KashmirFeb 21Regional Holiday
Jharkhand  JharkhandFeb 21Regional Holiday
Karnataka  KarnatakaFeb 21Regional Holiday
Kerala  KeralaFeb 21Regional Holiday
Madhya Pradesh  Madhya PradeshFeb 21Regional Holiday
Maharashtra  MaharashtraFeb 21Regional Holiday
Odisha  OdishaFeb 21Regional Holiday
Punjab  PunjabFeb 21Regional Holiday
Rajasthan  RajasthanFeb 21Regional Holiday
Telangana  TelanganaFeb 21Regional Holiday
Tripura  TripuraFeb 21Regional Holiday
Uttar Pradesh  Uttar PradeshFeb 21Regional Holiday
Uttarakhand  UttarakhandFeb 21Regional Holiday

When is Maha Shivratri?

Maha Shivaratri is a famous Hindu festival celebrated each year in reverence of Lord Shiva, the Hindu god of destruction and regeneration.

A Shivaratri is celebrated on the 13th night and 14th day of every lunar month. The Shivaratri in the month of Falgun (Phalguna) - the last month of Hindu calendar - is Maha Shivaratri which means "the Great Night of Shiva". It takes place just before the arrival of Spring, usually in February or March in the Western calendar.

It is celebrated across India and is a holiday in most states and it is also a public holiday in Mauritius and Nepal.

What is Maha Shivratri?

Maha Shivaratri is the night when Shiva is said to have performed the Tandava Nritya, or the dance of primordial creation, preservation and destruction. According to believers, this saved the world from destruction. Hindu scholars say Maha Shivaratri was the day when Shiva drank poisonous negativity to protect the world.

Maha Shivratri is observed to mark a remembrance of 'overcoming darkness and ignorance' in life and the world. Unlike most festivals, is celebrated at night and is a solemn event.

Shivaratri is also when Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva married again.

The festival is principally celebrated by offerings of Bael (Bel Tree) leaves to Lord Shiva, all day fasting and an all-night-long vigil.

On Maha Shivratri, "Om Namah Shivaya", the sacred mantra of Shiva, is chanted through the day in Shiva temples. Special Puja is held at homes and temples.

The Lingam

Shiva is worshiped in the form of a lingam ( Sanskrit for "sign" or "distinguishing symbol") - a pillar often placed on a receptacle that represents female creative energy. Together it represents the union of organs and the totality of creation. The use of the lingam as a symbol for Shiva was introduced after the Aryan immigration into India, having been taken from aboriginal worship.

According to Hindu legend, Brahma and Vishnu were busy arguing over which among the three was the most powerful god. On hearing this, Shiva manifested in the form of a huge, flaming lingam. It was agreed with Brahma and Vishnu that whoever was first to find the end of the blazing column of fire would be considered the greatest of the Hindu gods. Vishnu, in the form of a boar, started looking for the bottom of the lingam, while Brahma, in the form of a swan, started looking for the top. After years of searching, neither had found an end, and they both had to acknowledge Shiva as the most powerful.

Flowers, incense and other offerings are made, while all through the day the devotees chant the sacred Panchakshara mantra dedicated to Lord "Om Namah Shivaya".

Bel Tree

It is believed that Lord Shiva is fond of the Bel tree, also known as the bilwa or bilva tree, and its leaves and fruit still play a main role in his worship.

Huge gatherings take place in temples all over India, though the biggest celebration is held in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, where Lord Shiva is believed to have stayed. Special celebrations are held at Shiva shrines in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.

All castes (divisions) of Hindu society participate in the worship of Shiva. The ceremonies surrounding Shivratri are particularly popular with Hindu women, especially those wishing to become pregnant.

In India, government offices and educational institutes will be shut on Maha Shivratri.

Muhurta and Puja timings for Maha Shivratri in 2019

According to drikpnchang.com, the Nishita Kaal Puja time is 12:14 am to 1:03 am. The duration will be 49 minutes. Maha Shivaratri Parana time will be 6:49 am to 3:33 pm. Below are timings for other Pujas.

  • Ratri First Prahar Puja Time = 6:28 pm to 9:33 pm
  • Ratri Second Prahar Puja Time = 9:33 pm to 12:38 am
  • Ratri Third Prahar Puja Time = 12:38 am to 3:44 am
  • Ratri Fourth Prahar Puja Time = 3:44 am to 6:49 am.

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