Independence and Republic Day around the world in 2022

Independence and Republic Day around the world in 2022

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Independence and Republic Day
  Dates of Independence and Republic Day around the world
2023 MauritiusMar 12
Mauritius Sun, Mar 12National Holiday
2022 MauritiusMar 12
Mauritius Sat, Mar 12National Holiday
2021 MauritiusMar 12
Mauritius Fri, Mar 12National Holiday
2020 MauritiusMar 12
Mauritius Thu, Mar 12National Holiday
2019 MauritiusMar 12
Mauritius Tue, Mar 12National Holiday

National Day in Mauritius is celebrated on March 12th. It marks two key events in the history of the country that both took place on March 12th; independence from B

When is Mauritian National Day?

National Day in Mauritius is a public holiday that is celebrated annually on March 12th.

Known as Independence and Republic Day, this holiday is the national day of Mauritius and it marks two key events in the recent history of the country that both took place on March 12th; independence from Britain in 1968 and becoming a republic in 1992.

History of Mauritian National Day

Due to its strategic position, Mauritius was a prized target for European countries looking to establish control and trade routes in the Indian Ocean. Mauritius passed through Dutch, French and finally British control, becoming a colony of Britain in March 1810.

Did you know?

Mauritius was named by the Dutch in honour of Prince Maurits van Nassau in the 17th century.

In 1959, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan had given his famous 'Winds of Change' speech, stating the British government's intention to give independence to many of its overseas colonies. This led to an increasing call within Mauritius for self-rule.

The elections of 1966 resulted in a victory for an alliance of the Mauritius Labour Party and other self-rule parties.

On March 12th 1968, Mauritius adopted its new constitution and gained independence as a constitutional monarchy. Queen Elizabeth II remained head of state and Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolan became the first Prime Minister of Mauritius.

Exactly twenty-four years later, on March 12th 1992, Mauritius was proclaimed as a republic within the British Commonwealth.

To mark National Day, Mauritians will show their pride in their nation by displaying their colourful flag across the island. An official flag-raising ceremony takes place with military parades and live music.

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