The flag of Guinea-Bissau. The black star represents the unity of Africa.
When is Readjustment Movement Day?
How long until Readjustment Movement Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 297 Days.|
Dates of Readjustment Movement Day
|Anniversary of the Movement of Readjustment, the coup on 14 November 1980|
Readjustment Movement Day is a public holiday in Guinea-Bissau observed on 14th November.
Also known as Anniversary of the Movement of Readjustment Day, it marks the coup of 1980.
History of Readjustment Movement Day
Guinea-Bissau gained independence from Portugal in September 1974, with Luis Cabral becoming the country's first president.
Like many other African countries who gained their independence, Guinea-Bissau's freedom came at a cost of political instability and economic stress. The new country struggled to cope economically without the support of Portugal and dissatisfaction with Cabral's rule grew.
On 14 November 1980, the government was overthrown in a relatively bloodless coup led by Prime Minister and former armed forces commander João Bernardo Vieira.
Cabral was charged with abuse of power and sentenced to death, though after negotiations, the sentence was commuted and Cabral went into exile.
On gaining independence, Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde had forged deep ties as the two presidents of these fledgling nations were members of the same political party that had campaigned for independence for the two nations. The coup broke the political and military ties between the countries and plans to unite Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde were dropped.
Vieira ruled through a revolutionary council and then, from 1984, through a council of state supported by an assembly of 150 appointed members, with only one legitimate political party allowed. In 1990, parliament revoked the one party situation, though in Guinea-Bissau's first free election in 1994, Vieira narrowly won the vote as president. He ruled until 1999 when he removed from power in a military coup and exiled.
Vieira returned from exile in 2005, becoming president again, hanging on to power until March 2009, when he was assassinated by renegade soldiers.
While not the only coup in Guinea-Bissau's recent history, the 1980 put João Bernardo Vieira in charge the country and his presence over the next few decades loomed large, making the 1980 coup undeniably one of the most defining events in the history of the country.