Reformation Day in Thuringia in 2024

Reformation Day in Thuringia in 2024
  How long until Reformation Day?
Reformation Day
  Dates of Reformation Day in Thuringia
2025 Fri, Oct 31Regional Holiday
2024 Thu, Oct 31Regional Holiday
2023 Tue, Oct 31Regional Holiday
2022 Mon, Oct 31Regional Holiday
2021 Sun, Oct 31Regional Holiday

Commemorates the day in 1517 when Martin Luther nailed his 95 'these' to the door of the church in Wittenburg

  Local name
  Reformation Day in other countries
Reformation Day internationally

Reformation Day in Germany

In Germany, the day is called 'Reformationstag' and may also be known as 'Luther’s Theses Day'. It is observed as a regional holiday in Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia.

October 31st is observed by most Protestant denominations as Reformation Day, and the preceding Sunday is known as Reformation Sunday.

When is Reformation Day?

This public holiday is always celebrated on October 31st, except in Chile when it may be moved to a Friday depending on which day of the week it falls on.

History of Reformation Day

Reformation Day commemorates the day in 1517 when a German monk named Martin Luther (1483-1546) strode up to the church in Wittenburg and nailed his 95 'theses' (or propositions) to the church door.

Luther chose to do this on October 31st as he knew the church would be full on the next day for All Saints' Day.

Luther's intention when posting his theses was to highlight the practice of indulgences in the Roman Catholic Church. Indulgences were pardons from sin that could be bought, meaning that those who were rich enough could buy forgiveness for all manner of sins.

Luther had hoped that pinning his protestations would spark wider debate and harden public opinion against the practice.

However, so many people agreed with his ideas that they quickly spread across western Europe, helped by the recent invention of the printing press, leading to the religious revolt known as the Reformation.

The reformation led many Christians to break off from the Roman Catholic Church and establish new, independent churches of their own, such as the Lutheran Church.

The pivotal act would ultimately lead to the creation of the numerous Protestant denominations, so-called as they trace their theological lineage to this "protestation" of the Catholic Church. 

In 2010, around 37% of all Christians around the world identify as Protestants, according to the Pew Research Center.

Reformation Day was first celebrated in the Germanic region in the seventeenth century and between 1949 and 1967, Reformation Day was a national holiday in East Germany.

Reformation Day in German States

In 2017, October 31st was a public holiday in all of Germany to mark the 500th anniversary of the posting of the theses. Those German states which do not celebrate Reformation Day as a holiday passed adequate legislation or made regulations to enable it to be a one-off public holiday.

More than half of Germany's 16 federal states have now declared Reformation Day a public holiday as Bremen, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg have begun to observe Reformation Day from 2018 to balance out the number of public holidays that each German state enjoys.

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