Gambia Independence Day around the world in 2020

Gambia Independence Day around the world in 2020
  How long until Gambia Independence Day?
This holiday next takes place in 117 days.
  Dates of Gambia Independence Day around the world
2021 GambiaFeb 18
Gambia Thu, Feb 18National Holiday
2020 GambiaFeb 18
Gambia Tue, Feb 18National Holiday
2019 GambiaFeb 18
Gambia Mon, Feb 18National Holiday
2018 GambiaFeb 18, Feb 19
Gambia Mon, Feb 19National Holiday (additional day)
Gambia Sun, Feb 18National Holiday
  Summary
Gambia gained full independence from colonial Britain on 18 February 1965.

When is Gambian Independence Day?

Independence Day is a public holiday in The Gambia on 18th February.

This is the National Day of The Gambia and marks independence from Britain on 18 February 1965.

History of Gambian Independence Day

Located on the west coast of Africa, The Gambia is the smallest country on mainland Africa.

Its first contact with Europeans was in the mid-15th century when Portuguese arrived as part of their expansion of overseas trade. It was also an important location for the African slave trade.

Trade rights to the region were sold to the British at the end of the 16th century, starting a period of British control who initially struggled for domination of the region with France. For a short period in the 17th century part of The Gambia was under the control of what is modern-day Latvia.

In 1889 the present boundaries of The Gambia were set by agreement between Britain and France; five years later it became a British protectorate.

During the 1950s political parties emerged. In 1960, elections were held under a new constitution, with the People’s Progressive Party, led by David Jawara, emerging as a powerful voice and the dominant political party after further elections in 1962.

Following agreements between the British and Gambian Governments in July 1964, The Gambia achieved independence as a constitutional monarchy on 18 February 1965, with Queen Elizabeth II, represented by a governor-general, as head of state and Jawara as the first prime minister.

Did you know?

The Gambia is one of only two countries whose self-standing short name for official use should begin with the word "The" (the other one being The Bahamas). In 1964, the prime minister of The Gambia said that one of the reasons they like to have "The" in their name is to avoid confusion with Zambia.

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