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When is Europe Day?
How long until Europe Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 348 Days.|
Dates of Europe Day
Who observes Europe Day?
|Celebrates the anniversary of the Schuman Declaration in 1950, when the first step was made towards the creation of what is now known as the European Union|
Europe Day is observed on 9th May. The date commemorates the anniversary of the 'Schuman declaration' in 1950, which proposed the creation of a European Coal and Steel Community, the forerunner to the European Union.
History Of Europe Day
At a speech in Paris in 1950, Robert Schuman, the then French foreign minister, set out his idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe, which would benefit the participating countries economically and reduce the chance of any future war between Europe's nations.
His vision was to create a European institution that would pool and manage coal and steel production.
The idea of the community was that its founding members – France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg – would pool their coal and steel resources and create a common market for them by lifting import and export duties.
A treaty creating such a body was signed in Paris just under a year later. Schuman's proposal is considered to be the beginning of what is now the European Union.
The first recognition of a "Europe Day" was introduced by the Council of Europe in 1964. The "Europe Day" on 9th May was introduced in 1985 by the European Communities.
Although it is only a public holiday in a few countries as listed on this page, the day is widely observed across the European Union.
To celebrate Europe Day, the EU institutions open their doors to the public on 5th May in Brussels, 5th and 9th May in Luxembourg and 10th June in Strasbourg.
Local EU offices in Europe and all over the world organise a variety of activities and events for all ages.
Each year thousands of people take part in visits, debates, concerts and other events to mark the day and raise awareness about the EU.
Victory in Europe Day
In several East European countries, 9th May is a public holiday to mark Victory Day. This day celebrates the Soviet victory over Nazi Germany and the end of the Second World War.
In Moldova, whether the public holiday on 9th May marks Europe day or Victory Day depends on your political allegiance. The current President celebrates Victory Day, whereas the ruling party marks Europe Day.
In Kosovo, state institutions are closed for Europe Day. Although Kosovo citizens are not allowed to travel to EU countries without visas, Europe Day is enthusiastically celebrated as a national holiday.
In December 2018, it was announced that Europe Day would be a day of rest in Luxembourg from 2019.
Sources: Europe Day