Independence Day in El Salvador in 2024

Independence Day in El Salvador in 2024
  How long until Independence Day?
Independence Day
  Dates of Independence Day in El Salvador
2025 El Salvador Mon, Sep 15 National Holiday
2024 El Salvador Sun, Sep 15 National Holiday
2023 El Salvador Fri, Sep 15 National Holiday
2022 Sep 15, Sep 16
El SalvadorFri, Sep 16National Holiday (bridge day)
El SalvadorThu, Sep 15National Holiday
2021 El Salvador Wed, Sep 15 National Holiday

Celebrates independence from Spain, achieved in 1821

  Local name
Día de la Independencia

When is Salvadoran Independence Day?

This public holiday is El Salvador's National Day and is always celebrated on 15 September. It commemorates the independence of the Central American provinces from Spanish rule in 1821.

History of Salvadoran Independence Day

The Spanish Admiral Andrés Niño led an expedition to Central America in 1522. He discovered Jiquilisco Bay on the mouth of Lempa River. This was the first known visit by Europeans to what is now Salvadoran territory.

A few years later, Spanish Conquistadors led by Pedro de Alvarado and his brother Gonzalo arrived what is now the Republic of El Salvador. They were disappointed to find the area wasn't rich in gold, but the quality of its soil was noted. The indigenous people put up stiff resistance to the Spanish and it was 1525 become the area finally fell under Spanish control.

It was Pedro de Alvarado who named El Salvador after Jesus Christ, the Saviour.

In 1609, El Salvador became part of the Kingdom of Guatemala, which included the present-day nations of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, El Salvador and Guatemala, and the Mexican state of Chiapas.

Spain had been weakened by its involvement in the Peninsular War in Europe and local juntas had been created as local Spanish had revolted against the rule of King Joseph, Napoleon's brother who had been installed as ruler of Spain by the French.

This taste for independent rule was keenly felt in El Salvador. The 1811 Independence Movement became known in El Salvador as the Primer grito de independencia (the First shout of Independence).

On 15 September 1821, the Act of Independence of Central America was declared by the Province of Guatemala.

Following independence and despite opposition from El Salvador, the regions became part of the Mexican Empire, until they ceded to become the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823.

How is Salvadoran Independence Day Celebrated?

In a show of solidarity with the nations that share its Centro Americana identity, Independence Day parades in El Salvador are traditionally led by a procession of cars decorated with flags from the other four Central American countries that also celebrate this historic anniversary.

Salvadoran student bands prepare for these grand parades by practising for months in advance, and on the day of celebration, families prepare the national dish of pupusas—hand-made corn tortillas filled with local ingredients and topped with tomato sauce and cabbage salad. 

Translate this page