Independence Day in Dominican Republic in 2023

Independence Day in Dominican Republic in 2023

  How long until Independence Day?
Independence Day
  Dates of Independence Day in Dominican Republic
2023 Dominican Republic Mon, Feb 27 National Holiday
2022 Dominican Republic Sun, Feb 27 National Holiday
2021 Dominican Republic Sat, Feb 27 National Holiday
2020 Dominican Republic Thu, Feb 27 National Holiday
2019 Dominican Republic Wed, Feb 27 National Holiday
  Summary

The Dominican Independence War gave the Dominican Republic autonomy from Haiti on 27 February 1844

  Local name
Día de la Independencia Nacional

When is Dominican Republic Independence Day?

This public holiday is always celebrated on 27th February. It is the Dominican Republic's National Day and it commemorates independence from Haiti in 1844.

History of Dominican Republic Independence Day

Following the arrival of Christopher Columbus on Hispaniola on December 5th 1492, the island became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the new world.

The Spanish went on to rule the region known as Spanish Haiti for over 300 years until the Dominican Republic gained independence in 1821. This independence was short-lived as shortly afterwards a military invasion by Haiti unified the island of Hispaniola.

In 1844 Juan Pablo Duarte,  along with other leaders, Francisco del Rosario Sánchez and Matías Ramón Mella created a secret society named 'La Trinitaria' to revolt against the Haitian regime. On February 27th 1844, the Trinitaria declared independence from Haiti.

How is Dominican Republic Independence Day Celebrated?

Carnival is held on 27th February in the Dominican Republic. A festival to mark the start of Lent was a European tradition that made its way to the Americas in the sixteenth century. Carnival is held in other parts of the Caribbean and Latin America in either February or March in the days leading up to the start of Lent. The timing of the declaration of independence was then a good fit with that of carnival, with Independence Day being the grand finale of the month-long celebrations.

Traditionally, each region of the Dominican Republic celebrates with a unique flair in the form of varied costumes, masks, and traditional characters that represent local cultural variations. A common feature that can be seen through almost every city street on Independence Day is the Diablo Cojuelo (Limping Devil), a flamboyant masked costume carrying balloons meant to satirize evil spirits and the island nation’s colonial past. 

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