Flag of Cuba. Image: PXhere
When is Cuban Independence Day?
How long until National Revolution Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 96 Days.|
Dates of National Rebellion Day
|Dia de la Independencia|
|Commemoration of the Assault of the Moncada garrison in 1953|
Independence Day is a public holiday in Cuba observed on 10th October.
Also known as the Anniversary of the beginning of the War of Independence, the "Dia de la Independencia" marks the start of Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain in 1868.
History of Cuban Independence Day
At the start of the nineteenth century, the Peninsular Wars in Europe resulted in Napoleon's brother Joseph becoming King of Spain. Feeling no loyalty to this new regime, this galvanized the independence movement in many Spanish colonies in South America and Central America.
Cuba remained loyal to Spain, but as the century progressed, so did the enthusiasm for independence and an increasing resentment against the Spanish administration that was felt to be corrupt and repressive.
On 10 October 1868, a wealthy sugar mill owner, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, and his followers proclaimed independence. This became known as the Grito de Yara ("Cry of Yara") and marked the start of the Ten Year's War.
Though this first war of independence ended with surrender to the Spanish in May 1878, in the longer term it proved to a key event in Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain, which finally came in December 1898.
The events of October 1868 are also seen as leading directly to the abolition of slavery in Cuba in 1886.