Anti-Fascist Struggle Day in Croatia in 2025

Anti-Fascist Struggle Day in Croatia in 2025
  How long until Anti-Fascist Struggle Day?
Anti-Fascist Struggle Day
  Dates of Anti-Fascist Struggle Day in Croatia
2025 Croatia Sun, Jun 22 National Holiday
2024 Croatia Sat, Jun 22 National Holiday
2023 Croatia Thu, Jun 22 National Holiday
2022 Croatia Wed, Jun 22 National Holiday
2021 Croatia Tue, Jun 22 National Holiday

Marks the start of the uprising of anti-fascist Partisans against occupying forces in 1941

  Local name
Dan antifašističke borbe

When is Anti-Fascist Struggle Day in Croatia?

Anti-Fascist Struggle Day is a public holiday in Croatia and is always celebrated on June 22nd.

It marks the beginning of the uprising of Croatian anti-fascist Partisans against German and Italian occupying forces.

The holiday also honors the broader resistance movement of the Yugoslav Partisans in Croatia against Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and the Independent State of Croatia.

History of Anti-Fascist Struggle Day in Croatia

On April 6th 1941, during the Second World War, the Wehrmacht (German armed forces) and their allies (Italy and Hungary) invaded the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Meeting little in the way of organised resistance, within 11 days the country was fully under Axis control.

Despite this initial capitulation, it wasn't long before the Yugoslavs started organising themselves and resistance movements started to emerge. On June 22nd 1941 in the Brezovica woods outside Sisak in central Croatia, the First Sisak Partisan Detachment was formed. This was the first military unit formed by a resistance movement in occupied Europe.

Of the 77 fighters who formed the first Partisan unit, 38 survived the war. Most of them were from the Sisak area and were mostly members of the Communist Party. 

The anti-fascist movement in Croatia grew from this first detachment into a nationwide resistance in which more than 500,000 Croatian citizens actively participated, including 230,000 armed fighters and is considered to be the most effective resistance movement active during the war.

The Yugoslav Resistance was led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. Its commander was Marshal Josip Broz Tito, who went on to become the first president of Yugoslavia.

After it gained independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Croatian Parliament introduced Anti-Fascist Struggle Day as an official holiday in 1991. The Croatian Parliament introduced Anti-Fascist Resistance Day in 1991, replacing a similar holiday, the "Day of the Uprising of the People of Croatia," celebrated on July 27 during the Socialist Republic of Croatia era. This earlier commemoration alluded to the Srb uprising, which, like the Anti-Fascist Struggle Day, is still remembered today by anti-fascist organizations and minority communities targeted during the second world war, though it is not an official holiday.

To mark Anti-Fascist Struggle Day, wreaths are laid at the monument to the detachment that stands in a memorial park in Brezovica on June 22nd. The commemoration is organised by the Croatian Alliance of Antifascist Fighters and Antifascists and the Sisak city authorities.

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