Independence Day in Cape Verde in 2020

Independence Day in Cape Verde in 2020
Flag of Cap Verde Image by Ronny K , via Pixabay
  How long until Independence Day?
This holiday next takes place in 286 days.
  Dates of Independence Day in Cape Verde
2021 Cape Verde Mon, Jul 5 National Holiday
2020 Cape Verde Sun, Jul 5 National Holiday
2019 Cape Verde Fri, Jul 5 National Holiday
2018 Cape Verde Thu, Jul 5 National Holiday
  Summary
Marks Cape Verde's independence from Portugal on July 5th 1975
  Local name
Dia da Independência

When is Independence Day?

Independence Day is a public holiday in Cape Verde, observed on July 5th each year.

This is the National Day of Cape Verde and commemorates the country's independence from Portugal on this day in 1975.

History of Independence Day

Cape Verde is an island country consisting of 10 volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Northwest Africa.

The islands were uninhabited when they were discovered by Portuguese navigators in the middle of the 15th century. Portuguese settlers arrived in 1462, establishing the first permanent European settlement in the tropics.

The islands benefited from their position, first as a stopping off point for the Atlantic slave trade and then as a location for re-supplying ships bound for the Americas.

The call for nationalism had grown louder after the end of the second world war. So much so that in 1951, Portugal changed Cape Verde's status from a colony to an overseas province to try and reduce the increasing disenfranchisement with colonial rule.

The nationalist movement in Cape Verde was entwined with the other Portuguese territory in the area, Portuguese Guinea. In 1956, Amílcar Cabral, a Guinean organised the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC). The aims of the PAIGC were to improve the economic, social and political conditions in Cape Verde and Portuguese Guinea and formed the basis of the two nations' independence movements.

These demands erupted into a war on the African mainland, with Portuguese Guinea declaring independence in 1973.

The April 1974 revolution in Portugal led to change of approach to its overseas territories, and in 1974 the PAIGC and Portugal signed an agreement providing for a transitional government composed of Portuguese and Cape Verdeans. On June 30th 1975, Cape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments of independence from Portugal on July 5th 1975.

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