Canada Day in Canada in 2019

  How long until Canada Day?
This holiday next takes place in 11 days.
  Dates of Canada Day in Canada
2021Canada Thu, Jul 1Statutory Holiday
2020Canada Wed, Jul 1Statutory Holiday
2019Canada Mon, Jul 1Statutory Holiday
2018Canada Mon, Jul 2Statutory Holiday
2017Jul 1, Jul 3
CanadaMon, Jul 3Statutory Holiday
CanadaSat, Jul 1Statutory Holiday
Celebrates of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada

On 20 June 1868, a proclamation signed by the Governor General, Lord Monck, called upon all Her Majesty's loving subjects throughout Canada to join in the celebration of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada on 1 July 1867.

The 1 July holiday was established by statute in 1879, under the name Dominion Day.

There is little or no record of any organised ceremonies after this first anniversary, except for the naming of new buildings on the 50th and 60th anniversaries.

Since 1958, the government has arranged for an annual observance of Canada's national day with the Secretary of State of Canada in charge of the coordination. The format provided for a Trooping the Colours ceremony on the lawn of Parliament Hill in the afternoon, a sunset ceremony in the evening followed by a mass band concert and fireworks display. The format changed in 1968 with the addition of multicultural and professional concerts.

In 1980, a new formula was developed whereby the federal government sponsored the development of local celebrations all across Canada.

"Seed money" was distributed to promote popular and amateur activities organized by volunteer groups in hundreds of local communities. The same approach was also followed for the 1981 celebrations with the addition of fireworks displays in 15 major cities across the nation.

On 27 October 1982, 1 July which was known as "Dominion Day" became "Canada Day".

Since 1985, Committees have been established in each province and territory to plan, organize and coordinate the Canada Day celebrations locally. Grants are provided by the Department to those committees.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Day and Memorial Day (Commemoration of the Battle of the Somme) are celebrated on the same day.

If 1 July falls on a Sunday, the holiday is legally observed on July 2.

Source: Canadian Heritage

What happens if Canada Day falls on a weekend?

As is often the case with many statutory holidays in Canada, how a holiday is observed can differ between provinces and territories. The table below shows how Canada Day is treated regionally when 1 July falls on a weekend, with the text taken from the regional government websites.

Province/Territory Comments
Alberta July 1, except when it falls on a Sunday, then it is July 2
British Columbia If July 1st falls on Sunday, Monday July 2nd replaces July 1st as the statutory holiday.
Manitoba No set rule
New Brunswick No set rule
Newfoundland and Labrador Known as Memorial Day and observed on the following Monday if July 1 falls on a weekend.
Nova Scotia No set rule

When a public holiday falls on a day that is not ordinarily a working day for an employee, or during the employee's vacation, the employee is entitled to either:

  • a substitute holiday off with public holiday pay;
  • public holiday pay for the public holiday, if the employee agrees to this in writing (in this case, the employee will not be given a substitute day off).
Prince Edward Island If a holiday falls on a scheduled day off (Saturday or Sunday), your holiday is moved to the following workday.
Quebec July 1st. If this date falls on a Sunday: July 2nd
Saskatchewan Observed on the following Monday
Northwest Territories No set rule
Nunavut No set rule
Yukon The first working day immediately following the general holiday becomes the general holiday for that employee.

Did you know?

Three facts about Canada Day

Three Canadian islands are among the top ten biggest islands in the world. They are Baffin Islands (more than double the size of Great Britain), Victoria Island and Ellesmere Island.

The U.S. / Canada Border is the longest international border in the world. Officially known as the International Boundary, it is 8891 km/5,525 miles long, including the border between Canada and Alaska. It is the world's longest unprotected border.

Montreal is the world's second largest French speaking city after Paris.

More facts about Canada Day

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