Canada Day around the world in 2023

  How long until Canada Day?
Canada Day
  Dates of Canada Day around the world
2024 CanadaJul 1
Canada Mon, Jul 1National Holiday
2023 CanadaJul 1, Jul 3
Newfoundland and Labrador Mon, Jul 3Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Prince Edward Island Mon, Jul 3Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Saskatchewan Mon, Jul 3Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Yukon Mon, Jul 3Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Canada Sat, Jul 1National Holiday
2022 CanadaJul 1
Canada Fri, Jul 1National Holiday
2021 CanadaJul 1
Canada Thu, Jul 1National Holiday
2020 CanadaJul 1
Canada Wed, Jul 1National Holiday

Celebrates of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada

  Which countries observe Canada Day in 2023?
National Holiday Regional Holiday Not a public holiday Govt Holiday
  CanadaJul 1
  CanadaJul 3 (in lieu)

When is Canada Day?

The National Day of Canada is observed as a statutory holiday on July 1st.

If July 1st falls on a Sunday, the holiday is legally observed on July 2nd. See the table below for more details on what happens if it falls on a Saturday.

History of Canada Day

On June 20th 1868, a proclamation signed by the Governor General, Lord Monck, called upon all Her Majesty's loving subjects throughout Canada to join in the celebration of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada on July 1st 1867, with the passing of the North American Act of 1867. This was a true milestone in Canada's history - on this day, Canada's four colonies united.

The July 1st holiday was established by statute in 1879, under the name Dominion Day.

There is little or no record of any organised ceremonies after this first anniversary, except for the naming of new buildings on the 50th and 60th anniversaries. It actually was not until 1917 that larger scale and more extravagant celebrations commenced. 

Since 1958, the government has arranged for an annual observance of Canada's national day with the Secretary of State of Canada in charge of the coordination. The format provided for a Trooping the Colours ceremony on the lawn of Parliament Hill in the afternoon, a sunset ceremony in the evening followed by a mass band concert and fireworks display. The format changed in 1968 with the addition of multicultural and professional concerts.

In 1980, a new formula was developed whereby the federal government sponsored the development of local celebrations all across Canada.

"Seed money" was distributed to promote popular and amateur activities organized by volunteer groups in hundreds of local communities. The same approach was also followed for the 1981 celebrations with the addition of fireworks displays in 15 major cities across the nation.

On October 27th 1982, July 1st which was known as "Dominion Day" became "Canada Day".

Since 1985, Committees have been established in each province and territory to plan, organize and coordinate the Canada Day celebrations locally. Grants are provided by the Department to those committees.

Source: Canadian Heritage

How is Canada Celebrated?

Despite its low-key start, Canada Day has turned into a true independence party with fireworks, parades, picnics, and barbecues. Canada Day is many things to many people, including a great excuse to declare one's love for all things beer. You are also likely to hear the national anthem, O Canada, being sung during the day by many people, irregardless of their levels of musical ability.. That said, if you happen to be in the providence of Quebec on Canada Day, you may not hear much singing due to the number of moving trucks driving around. Quebec has a long-standing tradition of mandating the end of rental leases on July 1st.

What happens if Canada Day falls on a weekend?

As is often the case with many statutory holidays in Canada, how a holiday is observed can differ between provinces and territories. The table below shows how Canada Day is treated regionally when July 1st falls on a weekend, with the text taken from the regional government websites.

Province/Territory Comments
Alberta July 1st, except when it falls on a Sunday, then it is July 2nd
British Columbia If July 1st falls on Sunday, Monday July 2nd replaces July 1st as the statutory holiday.
Manitoba No set rule
New Brunswick No set rule
Newfoundland and Labrador Known as Memorial Day and observed on the following Monday if July 1st falls on a weekend.
Nova Scotia No set rule

When a public holiday falls on a day that is not ordinarily a working day for an employee, or during the employee's vacation, the employee is entitled to either:

  • a substitute holiday off with public holiday pay;
  • public holiday pay for the public holiday, if the employee agrees to this in writing (in this case, the employee will not be given a substitute day off).
Prince Edward Island If a holiday falls on a scheduled day off (Saturday or Sunday), your holiday is moved to the following workday.
Quebec July 1st. If this date falls on a Sunday: July 2nd
Saskatchewan Observed on the following Monday
Northwest Territories No set rule
Nunavut No set rule
Yukon The first working day immediately following the general holiday becomes the general holiday for that employee.

Did you know?

Three facts about Canada Day

Alternative names proposed for Canada in 1867 were Borealia, Cabotia, Transatlantica, Victorialand and Superior.

The most popular pizza in Australia is the Hawaiian Pizza, which was invented in Canada.

In 2017, the 150th anniversary, known as the sesquicentennial, was met with much fanfare and special events, including a commemorative postage stamp. While Queen Elizabeth II wasn’t in attendance, her son Prince Charles and his wife, the Dutchess of Cornwall, attended the national celebration.

More facts about Canada Day

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