How long until National Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 364 Days.|
Dates of National Day
|The United Republic of Cameroon replaced the federal structure in 1972|
The National Day of Cameroon is a public holiday on 20 May.
It marks the adoption of a unitary state in 1972.
Cameroon became a German colony in 1884, known as Kamerun.
After Germany's defeat in World War I, the administration of the colony was divided between Britain and France, becoming UN Trust Territories after the end of Second world War and the creation of the United Nations.
The United Nations Trust Territory known as French Cameroun achieved independence from France on 1 January 1960, and British Southern Cameroons became a federated state within Cameroon on 1 October 1961.
On 20 May 1972, in a national referendum, Cameroonians voted for a unitary state instead of the existing federal state. President Ahmadou Ahidjo then abolished the federal system of government in favour of a unitary state, the Republic of Cameroon.
What is a Unitary State?
Most countries operate under a unitary system. A unitary state is governed as a single power under the control of a central government and any powers for administrative divisions are delegated from central government.