Flag of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
When is Independence Day?
How long until Independence Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 344 Days.|
Dates of Independence Day
|Marks independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.|
Independence Day is a provincial holiday celebrated in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It is observed on 1st March.
History of Independence Day
Following the end of the First World War and the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) joined the South Slav Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was renamed Yugoslavia.
After an economic and political crisis in the 1980s and the rise of nationalism, Yugoslavia broke up along its republics' borders at the start of the 1990s.
A declaration of the sovereignty of BiH took place on 15 October 1991 was followed by a referendum for independence on 1 March 1992. The question was: Are you for a sovereign and independent BiH, a state of equal citizens, peoples of BiH - Muslims, Serbs, Croats and members of other nations who live in it?
The turnout in the referendum was 63.4 percent and 99.7 percent of voters voted for independence.
BiH duly declared independence on 3 March 1992 and was admitted as a member state of the United Nations on 22 May 1992. This resulted in a political upheaval that would eventually turn into a bloody and brutal war.
The 1995 Dayton agreement divided post-war Bosnia into two entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, and it is in the former that 1st March is a public holiday.
Republika Srpska, celebrates Republic Day on 9th January, the day of its creation, as a national holiday, which have caused a lot of friction in the Federation.