How long until Independence Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 77 Days.|
|Marks Independence from France in 1962|
This national holiday is celebrated on 5 July each year.
The holiday was established to celebrate the anniversary of Algeria's independence from France on 5 July 1962.
From the start of the sixteenth century, Algeria had been under partial rule of the Ottoman Empire. In 1830, the country was invaded by France. The conquest of Algeria was a long and bloody affair, and unusually for French foreign territories, Algeria's status was that it was treated as being part of France rather than as a colony.
Did you know?
Algeria is largest country in Africa is and the tenth largest in the world.
Emigration from Europe to Algeria was encouraged by the French, with tribal lands confiscated by the French government and Europeans even becoming the majority of the population in some cities like Algiers.
In the middle of the twentieth century, local resentment to the presence of France by the local Muslim population led to the uprising known as the 'Red (bloody) All Saints' Day' (French: Toussaint Rouge).
The uprising marked the beginning of the Algerian War of Independence. While France won significant military victories in the conflict, the brutality of the war further alienated the Algerians and resulted in a loss of support for France's control of Algeria, both in France and abroad.
This change in attitude directly led to France and the Algerian forces signing the Évian Accords in March 1962. As a result of which, Independence was granted to Algeria on 5 July 1962 following overwhelming support in referendums for Algerian independence in France and Algeria.