When is Zimbabwean Independence Day?
When is Independence Day in Zimbabwe?
|This holiday next takes place in 23 Days.|
Dates of Independence Day
|Marks independence from the United Kingdom in 1980.|
This public holiday is always celebrated on 18 April.
This holiday marks independence from the United Kingdom in 1980 and is the National Day of Zimbabwe.
History of Zimbabwean Independence Day
Zimbabwe was first influenced by Europeans with the arrival of The British South Africa Company in the 1890s. The company had been founded by Cecil Rhodes in 1889 to colonise the region.
The area become known as Southern Rhodesia (in honour of Cecil Rhodes) in 1895 and was governed by the British South Africa Company until 1922, when the European settlers voted to become a British Colony.
In 1953, Britain created the Central African Federation, made up of Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) and Nyasaland (Malawi).
Following the breakup of the Federation in 1964, when Zambia and Malawi gained independence, Ian Smith became Prime Minister of the country (now called Rhodesia). Smith began a campaign for independence from Britain, with the government being run by the white minority. Independence was declared in 1965, but was not recognised internationally and led to sanctions against the country. This also led to an extensive campaign of guerilla warfare within Rhodesia and the rise of the Zanu and Zapu organisations.
Under this pressure, the white minority finally consented to multiracial elections in 1980. Robert Mugabe and his Zanu party won the independence elections, with Mugabe becoming Prime Minister and Zimbabwe's independence being formally recognised on 18 April 1980.