When is Swiss National Day?
How long until National Day ?
|This holiday next takes place in 104 Days.|
Dates of National Day
|August 1st marks the annual celebration of Swiss National Day|
August 1st marks the annual celebration of Swiss National (or Confederation) Day.
In German it is known as 'Schweizer Bundesfeier' ; in French as 'Fête nationale Suisse'; in Italian as 'Festa nazionale svizzera' and Romansh as ' Fiasta naziunala Svizra'.
History of Swiss National Day
It was in 1891 that the date of Swiss National day was first decided upon, though it took over a hundred years before the Swiss decided to have a vote and give themselves the day off.
Following the vote in September 1993, the day became an official national holiday in 1994.
August 1st was chosen because this was said to be the day, in 1291, on which the three forest cantons of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden signed the Federal Charter on the Rütli field, near to Lake Lucerne.
In fact, the charter does not specifically mention August 1st as the date, but instead refers to "at the beginning of the month of August 1291".
The charter united the signatories in the struggle against Habsburg rule, the family then possessing the Duchy of Austria in the Holy Roman Empire. The signing of the charter has now become regarded as the foundation of Switzerland.
How is Swiss National Day celebrated?
The official celebration fittingly takes place at Rütli field, where a representational celebration is staged in the location that the signing of the charter took place.
Similar to the American Independence Day celebrations, big family gatherings and barbeques are a common feature of the day. Communities across Switzerland also celebrate the occasion with bonfires, fireworks and parades. The tradition of lighting a bonfire in high summer predates National day. The custom of lighting a bonfire on St. John's Day, was common across Europe; though this was in turn, a Christian version of much older Midsummer Celebrations taking place on or around this date.
A National Day tradition that has gained in popularity over the last couple of years is having breakfast at a farm. This is particularly popular among families with children, since it's not only a huge culinary delight in form of a "farmers" breakfast, but everyone also gets to experience what it's like to keep a farm running. (everything from how to produce cheese, bread, how to make jam, getting close to the animals, etc.)
Did you know?
Switzerland has four national languages. French (spoken as a first language by 20.4%), German (64%), Italian (6.5%), and Romansh (1%)
Switzerland has been an independent country since the year 1499, when it became independent within the Holy Roman Empire. The French, under Napoleon Bonaparte, are the only nation to ever conquered Switzerland. They occupied Switzerland from 1798 - 1815.
In Switzerland, citizens can challenge a law passed by Parliament, if they are able to gather 50,000 signatures against the law within 100 days. If they manage to get the required number of signatures, a national vote is held where voters decide whether to accept or reject the law.
Switzerland is a very cosmopolitan country, with people born outside of Switzerland accounting for almost a quarter of the Swiss population.
The Swiss eat the most chocolate in the world - on average, 11.3kg per person per year