St Peters Basilica, Holy Spirit window
When is Whit Monday?
How long until Whit Monday ?
|This holiday next takes place in 81 Days.|
Dates of Whit Monday
Who observes Whit Monday?
|Antigua and Barbuda|
|Central African Republic|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
|Commemorates the coming of the Holy Spirit in the form of flames to the Apostles.|
Whit Monday, also known as Pentecost Monday is a public holiday in several countries on the Monday after Whitsunday. Also known as Pentecost, Whitsunday is observed fifty days (approx. seven weeks) after Easter and 10 days after Ascension.
This marks the end of the Easter cycle, that began 90 days ago with Ash Wednesday at the start of Lent.
History of Whit Monday
This holiday gets its English name for following "Whitsun", the day that became one of the three baptismal seasons.
The name "Whitsunday" is now generally attributed to the white garments formerly worn by the candidates for baptism on this feast.
The day commemorates the coming of the Holy Spirit in the form of flames to the Apostles, as recorded in the New Testament in Acts, 2.
The Holy Spirit allowed the apostles to speak in other languages, and they started preaching the word of Jesus to the Jews who had come to Jerusalem for the feast of Shavuot (Pentecost). Many Christians recognize this event as the birth of the Church.
The following day, Whit Monday (Pentecost Monday) is celebrated as a holiday in many European counties.
Until fairly recently, Whit Monday was a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland. Until 1967, it was a bank holiday in the United Kingdom, when it was replaced by the 'spring bank holiday' on the last Monday in May .
Orthodox Holy Spirit Monday
In countries who observe the Orthodox Church calendar such as Greece, this holiday is celebrated as Pentecost or Holy Spirit Monday. The date in the Orthodox Church can often differ from the Western Church due to the different methods of calculating the date of Easter.
Whit Monday around the world
The whole of Pentecost week used to be a holiday, but after the 1789 revolution only the Monday remained a public holiday.
In 2003, France suffered a heat wave, which resulted in almost 15,000 deaths, mainly elderly people. This prompted the idea of how to increase the funding for additional care for the elderly. In 2005, it was decided to encourage workers to give up one day's holiday - and Lundi de Pentecôte was selected. At first, an encouraging 44% of people gave up the holiday, but this amount diminished over the years; so much so that it was reinstated as a public holiday in 2008, instead the idea now is that each French worker has a 'solidarity day'. They can give up a holiday, a vacation day, a compensation day or even seven hours divided up all through the year.
In Switzerland, Whit Monday is also known as Pentecost Monday and is a public holiday in all cantons apart from Valais.