Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day

National Holiday in Slovakia and Czech Republic

Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day

When is Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day?

How long until Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day ?
This holiday next takes place in 208 Days.
Dates of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day
Year Weekday Date
2020 Tuesday November 17th
2019 Sunday November 17th
2018 Saturday November 17th
2017 Friday November 17th
2016 Thursday November 17th
2015 Tuesday November 17th
1 Day
Observed in
Public Holidays in Czech Republic Czech Republic Public Holidays in Slovakia Slovakia
Commemorating the student demonstration against Nazi occupation in 1939, and especially the demonstration in 1989 in Prague considered to mark the beginning of the Velvet Revolution

This public holiday is always celebrated on 17 November in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

History of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day

The Twentieth century was a tumultuous time for both these countries. Indeed, until 1993 they were both part of the same country - Czechoslovakia.

During that time, they had to endure occupation by the Nazis during World War II and following that, the country was under communist rule until 1989.

During both regimes, it was students who lead protests and this day essentially celebrates the political role of students. 17 November is sometimes referred to as World Students Day.

The date of 17 November commemorates the 1939 Nazi storming of the University of Prague following demonstrations against the occupation of Czechoslovakia. It led to the execution of nine student leaders and over 1200 students were sent to concentration camps.

In 1989 a memorial march to mark the 50th anniversary of the student revolt was organized. In the following days, protests grew into non-violent strikes at first involving students and later all citizens of Czechoslovakia. This became known as the Velvet Revolution and marked the beginning to the end of the communist regime in the country.

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