When is Ethiopian New Year?
How long until Ethiopian New Year?
|This holiday next takes place in 51 Days.|
Dates of Ethiopian New Year
|The Ethiopian calendar is based on the Coptic calendar, which was fixed to the Julian calendar in 25 BC by Emperor Augustus of Rome|
This public holiday in Ethiopia is celebrated on 11 September unless it is a leap year, in which case it is celebrated on 12 September.
Known in Amharic, the official language of Ethiopia as Enkutatash, this holiday marks 1 Meskerem, the first day in the Ethiopian calendar.
History of Ethiopian New Year
The Ethiopian calendar is a solar calendar based on the Egyptian and Julian calendars and was brought to Ethiopia by missionaries. The year consists of 12 months of 30 days and a thirteenth month of five or six timekeeping days.
Based on the Julian calendar basis, the Ethiopian calendar is currently seven years and eight months behind the Gregorian calendar used in most of the world.
Enkutatash means the 'gift of jewels'. It is said to refer to the Queen of Sheba returning from her visit to King Solomon in Jerusalem in 980 BC. On the Queen's arrival back in Ethiopia, her chiefs welcomed her by filling her treasury with jewels ('enku'). It may also refer to the countryside, as this time of year coincides with the end of the rainy season meaning the landscape is covered with bright yellow flowers almost in celebration of the impending harvest.