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Japan: Autumnal Equinox

Public and national holidays in Japan National Holiday in Japan

Japan

When is Autumnal Equinox Day?

How long until Autumnal Equinox Day ?
This holiday next takes place in 365 Days.
Dates of Autumnal Equinox Day
Year Weekday Date
2019 Monday September 23rd
2018 Monday September 24th
2017 Friday September 22nd
2016 Thursday September 22nd
2015 Wednesday September 23rd
Duration
1 Day
Local Name
Sh??bun no hi
Summary
The Autumnal Equinox marks the day that the sun crosses over the equator from the Northern to the Southern hemisphere

On September 22, 23 or 24, the Autumnal Equinox is celebrated as a national holiday in Japan.

In Japan, this holiday is known as 'Shubun-no-hi'. The exact day can vary due to astronomical observations, so the date for the following year is usually announced in early spring.

What is Autumnal Equinox?

The Autumnal Equinox marks the day that the sun crosses over the equator from the Northern to the Southern hemisphere.

The sun rises exactly on the east and sets exactly in the west on this day, making day and night equal in length.

From this day forward, the days will begin to become shorter than nights in the Northern hemisphere.

Autumnal Equinox Day was established as a national holiday in 1948. Before then, the autumnal equinox was an imperial ancestor worship festival called 'Shūki kōrei-sai' and the holiday had its roots in Shinto traditions as a time to give thanks to the deities for a successful harvest.

The Japanese use Autumnal Equinox Day to pay respects to deceased family members, visit family graves and hold family reunions in honour of those who have passed.

Silver Week

If Respect for the aged day falls on 21 September and Autumnal Equinox falls on 23 September and either 21 September is a Monday or 23 September is a Friday, then 22 September is declared as a people's holiday (kokumin no kyuujitu) - creating 'Silver Week'. The most recent Silver Weeks took in 2009 and 2015 and the next one will be in 2026.

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