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Mahavir Jayanti

National and Public Holidays in India Regional Holiday in India

Mahavir Jayanti celebrates the birth of Mahavira, a contemporary of the Buddha, and the 24th and last of the great sages.
Ahinsa Sthal, Mehrauli, New Delhi

When is Mahavir Jayanti?

How long until Mahavir Jayanti ?
This holiday next takes place in 307 Days.
Dates of Mahavir Jayanti
Year Weekday Date
2018 Thursday March 29th
2017 Sunday April 9th
2016 Tuesday April 19th
2015 Thursday April 2nd
2014 Sunday April 13th
Duration
1 Day
Summary
Mahavir Jayanti celebrates the birth of Mahavira, the last Tirthankara (24 great sages)

Mahavir Jayanti is the most important religious holiday in Jainism.

Mahavir Jayanti in 2017

In 2017, Mahavir Jayanti is listed as a holiday observed on 9 April in Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Madhya pradesh, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand.

This is a gazetted holiday which means that government offices and most businesses are closed.

History of Mahavir Jayanti

The holiday is celebrated on the 13th day of the waxing (rising) half of Hindu month of Caitra which usually occurs in either late March or early April in the Gregorian calendar.

Mahavir Jayanti celebrates the birth of Mahavira, a contemporary of the Buddha, and the 24th and last Tirthankara (great sages).

Mahavira, known originally as Vardhamana, was born in either 599 BC or 615 BC. The Digambar school of Jainism say that Lord Mahavira was born in the year 615 BC, but the Swetambaras believe that He was born in 599 BC. However, both sects believe that Mahavira was the son of Siddhartha and Trisala.

According to the legend, Devananda, wife of a Brahmin named Rishabhdeva, conceived him, but the gods transferred the embryo to the womb of Trisala.

According to Swetambara sect the expectant mother was believed to have seen 14 auspicious dreams. (According to Digambara sect it was 16 dreams). Astrologers interpreted these dreams and predicted that the child would be either an emperor or a Teerthankar.

For over a decade, he was an ascetic, wandering about, begging for food, and wearing little. Then he found enlightenment, became a Tirthankara and taught for 30 years before his death.

The present-day ascetic religion of Jainism revers Mahavira as their key prophet. Practiced by over3.5 million people, Jainism . They follow a path of non-violence towards all living beings. Some may wear face masks to prevent the chance of inadvertently killing an insect while breathing in.

How is Mahavir Jayanti celebrated?

Mahavir Jayanti is a festival marked with prayers and fasting. The holiday is especially popular in the eastern state of Bihar, where Mahavira was born near the modern town of Patna. A large celebration is held at the Parasnatha temple, Calcutta.


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