Gandhi Jayanti

National and Public Holidays in India National Holiday in India


Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated across India to mark the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the "Father of the Nation".

When is Gandhi Jayanti?

How long until Mahatma Gandhi Birthday ?
This holiday next takes place in 41 Days.
Dates of Mahatma Gandhi Birthday
Year Weekday Date
2019 Wednesday October 2nd
2018 Tuesday October 2nd
2017 Monday October 2nd
2016 Sunday October 2nd

It is celebrated on 2 October every year. It is one of three official declared National Holidays of India and is observed in all its states and territories.

History of Gandhi Jayanti

Ghandi was born on 2 October 1869 and was a major political and spiritual leader within India. He was a pioneer of Satyagraha, which believed in resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon total non-violence. The movement led India to independence and his efforts have since inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

How is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated?

The day is marked by prayer services all over India, and especially at Raj Ghat, Gandhi's memorial in New Delhi where he was cremated.

Celebration on the day include prayer meetings and commemorative ceremonies in various cities by colleges, local government institutions and socio-political institutions.

Painting and essay competitions are held and awards are announced for projects in schools and the community, on the themes of glorifying peace, non-violence and Gandhi's effort in Indian Freedom Struggle.

Often Gandhi's favourite devotional song, Raghupathi Raghava Rajaram is sung in memory of him.

2014 and the 'pledge of cleanliness'

In 2014, the government asked all public sector employees to attend work on 2 October, to spend the day cleaning their offices to mark the launch of the 'Clean India' initiative. This request to work on a national holiday did not apply to the private sector. Despite this, technically this was still a non-working day, as employees came to work to clean, not do their normal duties.

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