Hindu Festival observed as a public holiday in several countries

Handmade Diwali Diya Lamp in Hand ©akhilesh
Image credit: akhilesh

When is Diwali?

When is Diwali?

Year Weekday Date
2017 Wednesday October 18th
2016 Sunday October 30th
2015 Tuesday November 10th
2014 Thursday October 23rd
2013 Sunday November 3rd

Who observes Diwali?

Country Known as Date
Fiji Fiji Diwali 31 Oct
India India (regional - see below) Deewali 30 Oct
Malaysia Malaysia (regional - see below) Deepavali 29 Oct
Mauritius Mauritius Diwali 30 Oct
Singapore Singapore Deepavali 29 Oct
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Deepavali 29 Oct
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Divali 29 Oct

The Festival of Lights is known as Deepavali (deep - lamp, vali - array). This is the name of the festival in Southern India and is how the festival is referred to in other Asian countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. In Northern India, it is more commonly known as Diwali, but they are essentially the same celebration.

In both countries and for Hindus around the world, the celebration revolves around the triumph of good over evil, purity over impurity, light over darkness. It is one of the most important Hindu festivals.

Diwali marks the return of Lord Rama, who was the seventh incarnation of Vishnu, from a fourteen year exile.

The Festival of Lights takes place on the darkest night (first night of the new moon) in the month of Kartik in the Hindu calendar.

Across India streets and temples are decorated with spectacular light displays and colorful garlands.

In their homes, people light small oil lamps called diyas. It is believed that deceased relatives come back to visit their families on Earth during this festival and the lights are a way to guide the spirits home. The sound of firecrackers exploding is common as the noise is said to drive away evil spirits.

Over 70% of all firecrackers used during Diwali come from the town of Sivaski in Tamil Nadu.

Families, friends and business associates exchange gifts and sweets, settle old business deals and are encouraged to rid themselves of hate, anger and jealousy.

The festival is a time for rejoicing and renewal.

Diwali holds significance not only in Hinduism but also in Sikhism who celebrate the release of their sixth Guru (literal translation: teacher) Hargobind. To Sikhs, it is known as Bandi Chhor Divas. The Jains celebrate it as the day when Lord Mahaveer, the last trithankara, attained Nirvana or Moksha.


Across India, the festival may last for several days and different regions may have holidays on these days.

Dewali in India in 2016
The most widespread holiday is 30 October, where Diwali is a holiday in Andhra pradesh, Arunachal pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarah, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Madhya pradesh, Nagaland, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.

Diwali is celebrated on 29 October in Assam, Goa, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Tripura. In Assam, Odisha and West bengal, Kali Puja is also celebrated on 29 October.

On 31 October, the Dewali festival extends to a second day in Karnatkak and Mahrashtra. Vishavkarma Day is also celebrated in Punjab and Rajasthan.


In Malaysia, Diwali is known as Hari Diwali and is celebrated in the month of Aswayuja. It is a federal public holiday across Malaysia with the exception of the region of Sarawak and the Federal Territory of Labuan.

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