"B.R. Ambedkar in 1950" by Unknown. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons
Ambedkar Jayanti is a regional holiday always observed on 14 April.
It is a public holiday in the following states: Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat,Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal.
Please note that in some states, not all companies and organisations will observe it as a holiday.
In 2015, Ambedkar Jayanti was been declared a government holiday across India. The notification specifically mentioned 14 April 2015, so it is not assumed that Ambedkar Jayanti will be a national holiday in subsequent years and indeed several states made no reference to it in their official holiday lists for 2016.
In the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, 6 December, the date of Dr. Ambedkar's death, is a public holiday.
It is celebrated to mark the birthday of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, an Indian jurist, politician, philosopher, anthropologist, historian and economist who was the principal architect of the Constitution of India.
Dr. Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891. Born into a poverty, Ambedkar campaigned against the Indian caste system. He became a convert to Buddhism and is seen as a driving force in the surge of converts that saw many thousands of lower caste members become Buddhists.
Ambedkar was the first untouchable of India to pursue a college degree. He earned a law degree and doctorates for his studies in law, economics and political science, gaining a reputation as a scholar and campaigning for political rights and social freedom for the lowest in the caste system, untouchables.
In 1927, Dr. Ambedkar organised and led a march at Mahad, Maharashtra that eventually helped established equal rights for untouchable people who were not allowed to touch or our taste the water of Chawdar Lake.
In 2012, Ambedkar, was voted as the 'Greatest Indian' by a poll organised by History TV18 and CNN IBN. Nearly 20 million votes were cast, making him the most popular Indian figure since the launch of the initiative.
Dr. Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956 and was posthumously awarded the 'Bharat Ratna', India's highest civilian award, in 1990.
on Ambedkar Jayanti it is a custom that the President, Prime Minister and leaders of other parties pay homage to his statue at the Parliament, New Delhi.
In an attempt to raise the awareness of Dr. Ambedkar internationally, many Indian embassies across the world organise special events and speeches about Dr. Ambedkar.