Independence Day

National Holidays in Azerbaijan National Holiday in Azerbaijan

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How long until Independence Day?
This holiday next takes place in 173 Days.
Dates of Independence Day
Year Weekday Date
2018 Thursday October 18th
2017 Wednesday October 18th
2016 Tuesday October 18th
2015 Monday October 19th
2014 Monday October 20th
1 Day
Local Name
Istiqlaliyyət günü
Adoption of the declaration of independence on 18 Oct 1991

Independence Day (Azerbaijani: Istiqlaliyyət günü) is a national holiday in Azerbaijan, though it is not one of the official non-working days. It may also be known as 'State Sovereignty Day'.

It is celebrated on 18 October. Since 2006, if the 18 October falls on a weekend, the following Monday will be a holiday.

This day is essentially the second of two independence days celebrated in Azerbaijan. The first is Republic day which marks the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan on 28 May 1918. This republic only lasted two years before Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union.

In 1991, perestroika (social and economic reform) had swept across the Soviet Union leading to many of the countries to declare their independence from the USSR

On 30 August 1991, Azerbaijan made clear its intention to become an independent nation once again when the Declaration on the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan was adopted by Parliament.

On 18 October 1991 the constitutional act "On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan" was approved and adopted by the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The act of independence was affirmed by a nationwide referendum on 29 December 1991, when the Soviet Union officially ceased to exist.

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