Juneteenth (in lieu) in USA in 2023

Juneteenth (in lieu) in USA in 2023
The Juneteenth flag symbolizes freedom and justice for Black Americans and African Americans. Image via Office Holidays

  How long until Juneteenth (in lieu)?
Juneteenth (in lieu)
  Dates of Juneteenth (in lieu) in USA
2024 Jun 14, Jun 15, Jun 19, Jun 21
New JerseyFri, Jun 21Government Holiday
USAWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
CaliforniaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
ColoradoWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
ConnecticutWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
DelawareWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
District of ColumbiaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
GeorgiaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
IdahoWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
IllinoisWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MaineWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MarylandWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MassachusettsWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MichiganWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MinnesotaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MissouriWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
NebraskaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
New MexicoWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
New YorkWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
OhioWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
OregonWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
PennsylvaniaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
South DakotaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
TexasWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
UtahWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
VirginiaWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
WashingtonWed, Jun 19Regional Holiday
LouisianaSat, Jun 15Government Holiday
LouisianaFri, Jun 14Government Holiday (in lieu)
2023 Jun 16, Jun 17, Jun 19
USAMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
CaliforniaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
ColoradoMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
ConnecticutMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
DelawareMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
District of ColumbiaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
GeorgiaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
IdahoMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
IllinoisMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MaineMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MarylandMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MassachusettsMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MichiganMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MinnesotaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MissouriMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
NebraskaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
New MexicoMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
New YorkMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
OhioMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
OregonMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
PennsylvaniaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
South DakotaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
TexasMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
UtahMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
VirginiaMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
WashingtonMon, Jun 19Regional Holiday
LouisianaSat, Jun 17Government Holiday
LouisianaFri, Jun 16Government Holiday (in lieu)
New JerseyFri, Jun 16Government Holiday
2022 Jun 17, Jun 18, Jun 19, Jun 20
USAMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
AlabamaMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
ColoradoMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
ConnecticutMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
DelawareMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
District of ColumbiaMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
GeorgiaMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
IdahoMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MarylandMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MassachusettsMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MichiganMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MissouriMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
NebraskaMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
New MexicoMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
New YorkMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
OhioMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
OregonMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
PennsylvaniaMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday
South DakotaMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
UtahMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
VirginiaMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday (in lieu)
WashingtonMon, Jun 20Regional Holiday
IllinoisSun, Jun 19Regional Holiday
MaineSun, Jun 19Regional Holiday
New YorkSun, Jun 19Regional Holiday
TexasSun, Jun 19Regional Holiday
LouisianaSat, Jun 18Government Holiday
LouisianaFri, Jun 17Government Holiday (in lieu)
New JerseyFri, Jun 17Government Holiday
West VirginiaFri, Jun 17Regional Holiday
2021 Jun 18, Jun 19
MassachusettsSat, Jun 19Government Holiday
New YorkSat, Jun 19Government Holiday
TexasSat, Jun 19Government Holiday
USAFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
AlabamaFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
IdahoFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
IllinoisFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
LouisianaFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday
MarylandFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MissouriFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
NebraskaFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
New JerseyFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday
OhioFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
VirginiaFri, Jun 18Regional Holiday (in lieu)
2020 Jun 19
New YorkFri, Jun 19Government Holiday
TexasFri, Jun 19Government Holiday
VirginiaFri, Jun 19Government Holiday

Juneteenth is a federal holiday and state holiday in several states. It commemorates the date in 1865 when news of the emancipation of African American slaves reached Galveston

  Juneteenth (in lieu) in other countries
Juneteenth (in lieu) internationally
  Which regions observe Juneteenth in 2023?
National Holiday Regional Holiday Not a public holiday Govt Holiday
Related holidays

When is Juneteenth?

Juneteenth National Independence Day is a US federal holiday. It was signed into law by President Joe Biden on Thursday June 17th 2021.

Juneteenth is a state holiday observed in 23 states and D.C. on June 19th each year.

If June 19th falls on a weekend, the federal holiday and most state holidays will observe a holiday on the closest working weekday. In New Jersey, Juneteenth is observed as a state and public holiday on the third Friday in June. 

All other states officially recognize Juneteenth and have an official observance of the day, and most states hold celebrations. 

30% of private employers offer Juneteenth as a paid holiday in 2022, according to survey data from the Wisconsin-based International Foundation of Employee Benefit Plans.

Officially known as Emancipation Day and also called Juneteenth Independence Day and Freedom Day, Juneteenth is a portmanteau word for June and nineteenth and commemorates the June 19th 1865 announcement of the abolition of slavery in Texas and the emancipation of African-American slaves throughout the Confederate South.

History of Juneteenth

On January 1st 1863, Abraham Lincoln declared the end of slavery with the Emancipation Proclamation. Two and half years later, and two months after the end of the Civil War, Union troops arrived in Galveston on June 19th 1865 to find that news of the proclamation had not yet reached Galveston and that people were still being held as slaves in Texas.

The leader of the Union Troops, General Gordon Granger then formally announced the emancipation from the balcony of the former Confederate Army headquarters.

The reason why the news about the emancipation took so long to reach Texas is subject to speculation. One theory is that the messenger who was originally sent with the news had been killed before he reached Texas. A more likely scenario is that the local slave owners simply held onto the information, ignoring the emancipation order.

Although the news of the emancipation reached towns at different times across the South, there was a collective decision to recognize 19th June as the date of the emancipation. The date of the proclamation itself (January 1st) wasn't considered as the people wanted to mark the date when the slaves' lives were actually affected by the new freedom.

In 1866, thousands of former slaves traveled back to Galveston on June 19 in recognition of their newfound freedom, calling the gathering Jubilee Day. In 1872, when faced with backlash for their pilgrimage back to the island city, a group of Black Americans purchased 10 acres of land in Houston and named it Emancipation Park. It was devoted specifically as a Juneteenth celebration site and is still around to this day.

The annual commemoration of June 19th, which became known as Juneteenth, was seen as a stabilizing and motivating presence in the lives of African-Americans in Texas, who despite their newly-acquired freedom, still faced many uncertainties and challenges.

Celebrations include parades, storytelling, barbecue and baseball. Strawberry soda pop is the drink of choice and the building from which General Granger read the Proclamation is now a historic landmark.

While Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration commemorating the ending of slavery in the United States, it wasn't until 1980 that it was made an official state paid holiday in Texas, through the efforts of Texas state Rep. Al Edwards, D-Houston. Note that state offices are not closed, but are staffed by a "skeleton crew."

When Juneteenth was officially named a national federal holiday in June 2021, the city of Galveston dedicated a 5,000 square-foot mural titled “Absolute Equality” near the location where General Granger announced the news of freedom.

Juneeteenth by State

Juneteenth flag

The Juneteenth flag was created in 1997 by Ben Haith, the founder of the National Juneteenth Celebration Foundation. 

Each element represents a facet of freedom for Black Americans:

The bursting outline around the star is inspired by a nova - a new star, representing a new beginning for the newly freed slaves. The white star in the center of the flag has a dual meaning, Haith said. It represents both Texas, the Lone Star State, but also the freedom of all Black Americans in all 50 states. The curving arc across the width of the flag represents a new horizon: the opportunities and promise that lay ahead for Black Americans. The red, white and blue represents the American flag, a reminder that the enslaved people and their descendants were and are Americans. 


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