Raja Sankranti in India in 2022

Raja Sankranti in India in 2022
A giant Doli at Putulia village of Keonjhar District. Image by Gorvachove , via Wikimedia Commons

  How long until Raja Sankranti?
Raja Sankranti
  Dates of Raja Sankranti in India
2023 Odisha Thu, Jun 15 Regional Holiday
2022 Odisha Wed, Jun 15 Regional Holiday
2021 Odisha Tue, Jun 15 Regional Holiday
2020 Odisha Mon, Jun 15 Regional Holiday
2019 Odisha Sat, Jun 15 Regional Holiday
  Summary

Odisha only. The 'Swing festival' marks the start of the rainy season.

When is Raja Sankranti?

Raja Sankranti is a state government holiday observed in Odisha in eastern India. Raja Sankranti is observed on the second day of the month of Asadha in the Hindu calendar.

This day is sometimes known as the 'Swing Festival' and marks the second day of a popular three-day festival that ushers in the monsoon rainy season.

Traditions of Raja Sankranti

The first day of the festival is Pahili Raja. The second day is Raja Sankranti (proper Raja) or Mithuna Sankranti and the third day is Basi Raja (past Raja).

During the three days, women are given a break from household work and time to play indoor games. No farming takes place and everyone abstains from walking barefoot on the earth. This is to prepare the earth for the coming rain.

Unmarried girls will dress in new clothes or wear traditional Saree and Alata (red dye) on their feet.

Indoor and outdoor games are a popular pursuit during Raja. Girls will play on swings tied on tree branches while singing folk songs. There are various types of swings, each with a name such as 'Ram Doli', 'Charki Doli', 'Pata Doli' and 'Dandi Doli'.

On the final and fourth day, Vasumati Snana, women bathe the grinding stone as a symbol of Bhumi, Hindu goddess of the earth, with turmeric paste and adore with flowers. All types of seasonal fruits are offered to mother Bhumi.

The day before the festival is called Sajabaja or preparatory day during which the house, kitchen including the grinding stones are cleaned and spices are ground for three days.

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