How long until Republic Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 123 Days.|
Dates of Republic Day
|On 29 October 1923, the Turkish constitution was amended and Turkey became a republic|
Republic Day (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Bayramı) is a national holiday in Turkey, always celebrated on 29 October. The afternoon of 28 October is also a holiday.
The holiday commemorates the proclamation of the Turkish republic in 29 October 1923.
Following the defeat of the Ottomans in World War I, the allies had occupied Turkey as part of the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.
An uprising of Turkish nationalists led to the Turkish war of independence (1919 -1923). The allies left Turkish regions in July 1923.
Mustafa Kemal, the leader of the Turkish troops was named the first president on 29 October 1923 when the Turkish republic was proclaimed in the new capital, Ankara.
In 1934, Kemal was given the title Atatürk, which means 'Father of the Turks'.
A republican constitution was adopted the following April. Islam remained the state religion for several years, though this was eventually removed from the constitution in April 1928, making Turkey a secular state. Turkey remained a single party government until 1945.
The holiday lasts 35 hours, starting at 1:00 pm on 28 October. Festivities include parades, torchlight processions and music to mark the founding of the republic.