Resistance Day

Slovenia State Holiday in Slovenia

Flag of Slovenia

When is Resistance Day?

This state holiday is always celebrated on 27 April. It may also be known as 'Day of uprising against Occupation' and in Slovenian, it is known as 'Dan upora proti okupatorju'.

Resistance Day commemorates the establishment of the Slovenian Liberation Front in 1941.

History of Resistance Day

During the Second World War, Slovenia (then part of Yugoslavia) was first partly annexed by Nazi Germany on 6 April 1941 and the remainder was annexed by Italy and Hungary on 11 April 1941.

A few weeks later, the Yugoslav government had surrendered to the axis forces.

The Liberation Front was established in the house of writer Josip Vidmar in Ljubljana in the evening of 26 April 1941. The front became the main resistance movement against the invaders, with its military wing, the Slovene Partisans, first fighting as a guerilla force, then becoming a more organised armed force.

Did you know?

Despite the Liberation Front having been formed on 26 April; for over twenty years it had been wrongly assumed that the front was created on 27 April, by which time the date of 27 April had become established and there seemed little point in changing the date.

After the end of the war, the Socialist Alliance of the Working People of Slovenia was formed on the basis of the Liberation Front.

The holiday was initially called the Day of the Liberation Front and was renamed to 'Resistance Day' following Slovenia's independence in 1991.

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