Social

Advertisements


Great Union Day

Public and national holidays in Romania National Holiday in Romania

Mountain landscape in foggy morning in Romania

When is Romania's National day?

Year Day Date
2018 Saturday December 1st
2017 Friday December 1st
2016 Thursday December 1st
2015 Tuesday December 1st
2014 Monday December 1st

This public holiday is always celebrated on 1 December. In Romanian, it is known as 'Ziua Marii Uniri' and may also be known as Unification Day or 1918 Union Day.

It is the National day of Romania and celebrates the Union of Transylvania with Romania in 1918

History of Great Union Day

Romania had declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877, with the country comprised of the principalities of Moldova and Wallachia.

Following the end of World War I, during the reign of King Ferdinand I, Romania almost doubled in size when Transylvania and the provinces of Bessarabia and Bukovina unified with Romania.

The declaration of unification happened in Alba Iulia on 1 December 1918. The declaration was read by Vasile Goldis, Romanian academician and politician, during a public event which was attended by over 100,000 Romanians.

During World War II, Romania lost Basarabia (present day Moldova) and Bucovina in 1940, with both regions being annexed by the Soviet Republic.

Romania's national day has moved around a few times over the years. Before 1918, the national day was on 10 May which marked both Carol I's entrance into Romania in 1866 and his subsequent declaration of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. During the period of communist rule from 1944, the national day became 23 August which marked the overthrow of the fascist government in 1944. Following the end of communist rule in 1990, 1 December was made national day.

How is Great Union Day celebrated?

Great Union Day is marked by a large military parade in the capital, Bucharest. Speeches will be made in Bucharest and Alba Iulia, where the declaration of union was first read out. Elsewhere, local events will remember the Romanians who lost their lives in World War I.


Translate this page