Dates of Independence Day
Independence Day is Pakistan's national day and is celebrated annually on 14 August.
On this day in 1947, Pakistan became the world's first Islamic republic when it gained independence from British rule.
Pakistan had been part of the colony of India since the 18th century, firstly as part of the East India company and then as part of the British Indian Empire.
In 1947, the act of independence created the 'Dominion of Pakistan' which covered two different geographic areas known as East and West Pakistan. In 1971 following the Bangladesh Liberation War, East Pakistan parted from West Pakistan and became Bangladesh.
Did you know?
The name Pakistan is a conjunction of two words 'Pak' meaning 'Pure' in Urdu and Persian, and 'Stan' meaning 'Land'. The name was also promoted in a pamphlet produced by the Muslim movement in 1933 - " Punjab, North-West Frontier Province (Afghan Province), Kashmir, Sind and Baluchistan". The 'i' was added to aid pronunciation.
Independence happened at midnight between 14 August and 15 August 1947, which is why the tradition in Pakistan has been to celebrate the 14 August whereas 15 August is Independence Day in India.
This day is an occasion to promote patriotism and national unity and is observed in much the same way as Pakistan Day.