Estonian Independence Day (Iseseisvuspäev) is a public holiday in Estonia, always celebrated on 24 February. It is Estonia's National Day.
On 24 February 1918, Estonia issued a declaration of independence from the new Soviet Russia, which was followed by a war with the Soviets to maintain Estonian liberty.
On 2 February 1920, the war ended with the Tartu Peace Treaty which guaranteed Estonia's independence for all time.
The Soviets went on to break this pact, however, and Estonia was under Soviet control for 75 years.
Estonians celebrate their Independence Day with a parade, church services, speeches, and concerts in the capital city, Tallinn.
The current flag of Estonia was adopted after independence from Russia in 1918. It was formally adopted on 21 November 1918, following its use a symbol during the war of independence.
The colors of the national flag are meant to represent Estonian history, nature and traditions. Blue represents faith, loyalty and devotion as well as the sky, sea, and lakes. Black represents the dark past and suffering of the Estonian people as well as the traditional black jacket of the Estonian peasant. freedom. White symbolises both snow in the winter and the light summer nights.
The origin of the Estonian flag is said to date back to 1881 when a group of university students, emboldened by Estonia's national awakening, adopted blue, black and white as their fraternity's colours