HyangWonJeong in Gyeongbokgung, Seoul
When is Independence Movement Day?
How long until March 1st Movement ?
|This holiday next takes place in 315 Days.|
Dates of March 1st Movement
|Locally called Samil Jeol, Independence Movement day commemorates a nation-wide independence movement which took place in 1919 in protest against colonisation by Japan|
Also known as March 1 Movement Day, Independence Movement Day is a public holiday in South Korea. It is always celebrated on 1st March.
History of Independence Movement Day
Locally called 'Samil Jeol', Independence Movement day commemorates a nation-wide independence movement which took place in 1919 in protest against colonisation by Japan.
On 1 March 1919 (Samil means "three-one," signifying third month, first day), protesters demonstrated against the Japanese occupation which began in 1910, depriving Koreans of many freedoms.
The March 1 movement was a turning point; an estimated two million people took to the streets in peaceful demonstrations and a Declaration of Independence was read at a rally in Seoul.
The demonstrations were met with thousands of arrests and violence. It is estimated that around 15,000 Koreans were injured and around 7,000 were killed.
Independence leaders formed a provisional government abroad.
The date was designated a day of national commemoration in 1946, a year after Korea gained its independence, and became a national holiday in 1949.
How is Independence Movement Day celebrated?
The Day is marked by the reading of the 1919 Declaration of Independence at Pagoda Park in Seoul.