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Dates of Birthday of Muhammad Iqbal
Known locally as 'Yōm-e Welādat-e Muḥammad Iqbāl', this holiday is celebrated annually on 9 November.
Iqbal Day has been a national holiday in past years, but in recent years it has only been a holiday in Sindh Province.
Iqbal Day marks the birthday of Sir Muhammad Iqbal, a philosopher, poet and politician in British India who is widely regarded as the ideological founder of the state, having inspired the Pakistan Movement.
Sir Muhammad Iqbal, widely known as Allama Iqbal, was born on 9 November 1877 in Sialkot, within the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan).
Inspired by his teaching at Government college Lahore, Iqbal pursued a higher education in the west, qualifying for a scholarship from Trinity College, University of Cambridge. On leaving university he became a barrister in London, but shortly moved to Germany to study doctorate and earned Doctor of Philosophy degree from the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich in 1908. While in Germany, he started writing poetry in Persian.
On his return to Lahore he soon devoted his life to literary work, writing poetry in Urdu and Persian. Iqbal has had several volumes of his poetry published and many of these have translated into foreign languages, including English, German, Russian, Arabic, and Turkish.
Did you know?
Tarana-e-Hind' is a song written by Iqbal that is still used in India as a patriotic song about communal harmony.
Iqbal is known as Muslim philosopher and great poet and is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature. He is widely admired by the Pakistani, Indian, Iranian and Turk poets, earning the name 'Poet of the East'.
'While studying in England, Iqbal had been become a member of the executive council of the British branch of the Indian Muslim League. In 1931 he represented the Muslims of India at the Round Table Conferences held in England to discuss the political future of India.
In a lecture in 1930 lecture, Iqbal first suggested the creation of a homeland for the Muslims of India, though Iqbal died before seeing the creation of Pakistan in 1947.
Iqbal died on 21 April 1938 in Lahore, Punjab, British India. His tomb is located in a garden between the Badshahi Mosque and the Lahore Fort.
The Pakistan government has declared Iqbal as the national poet.