When is Republic Day?
Always celebrated on 2 June. This is Italy's National Day.
Republic Day marks the referendum of 1946, which resulted in the creation of the Italian republic.
History of Republic Day
Italy became a nation on 17 March 1861, when most of the states of the region and the two Sicilies were united under king Victor Emmanuel II, hitherto king of Sardinia.
The father of Italian unification was Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, the Chief Minister of Victor Emmanuel.
Rome stayed under the rule of the Papacy for nearly 10 years, and became part of the Kingdom of Italy on 20 September 1870. This is the final date of Italian unification.
On 2 June 1946, a referendum on the monarchy led to the establishment of the Italian republic, and Italy adopted a new constitution on 1 January 1948. Male members of the royal family were sent into exile because of their association with the fascist regime, and were only allowed to return to their country in 2002.
Since prehistoric times, Italy has shaped the cultural and social development of the whole Mediterranean area.
Important cultures and civilisations have existed there, and archaeological sites of note can be found in many regions. After Magna Graecia, the Etruscan civilization and notably the Roman Empire that dominated this part of the world for many centuries, Italy was central to European philosophy, science and art during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
The name Italy (Italia) is an ancient name for the country and people of Southern Italy. The name Italia means "Land of Cattle Calves or Veal".
Coins bearing the name Italy were minted by an alliance of Italic tribes (Sabines, Samnites, Umbrians and other) competing with Rome in the first century B.C.
By the time of emperor Augustus approximately the present territory of Italy was included in Italia as the central unit of the Empire; Cisalpine Gaul, the Upper Po valley, for example was appended in 42 B.C. Since then, "Italy" or "Italian" has been the collective name for diverse states appearing on the peninsula and their overseas properties.
Did you know?
Rome is Italy's capital city and was founded on 21 April 753 BC. That makes the city more than 2,700 years old.
The world’s longest land tunnel is the Lötschberg Base Tunnel, which proves a 22-mile railway link between Switzerland and Italy.
Margherita Pizza was named after Queen Margherita of Savoy when she visited Naples in 1889.
Italy has 51 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the most of any country in the world.
The fork became popular in Italy before any other European country as it allowed Italians to easier eat spaghetti.