Canada Day 2019

National and public holidays in Canada National Day of Canada

Canada Day is celebrated on 1 July across Canada

When is Canada Day?

How long until Canada Day ?
This holiday next takes place in 38 Days.
Dates of Canada Day Holiday
Year Weekday Date
2020 Wednesday July 1st
2019 Monday July 1st
2018 Monday July 2nd*
2018 Sunday July 1st
2017 Monday July 3rd*
2016 Friday July 1st
*observed date
1 Day
Celebrates of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada

Canada Day is the National Day of Canada and is a statutory public holiday on 1 July.

If 1 July falls on a weekend, then pleae refer to the table below for details on how the holiday will be treated in the provinces and /territories of Canada.

What does Canada Day celebrate?

On 20 June 1868, a proclamation signed by the Governor General, Lord Monck, called upon all Her Majesty's loving subjects throughout Canada to join in the celebration of the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada on 1 July 1867.

History of Canada Day

The 1 July holiday was established by statute in 1879, under the name Dominion Day.

There is little or no record of any organised ceremonies after this first anniversary, except for the naming of new buildings on the 50th and 60th anniversaries.

Did you know?

The name Canada is generally accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word 'kanata', meaning 'village'.

Since 1958, the government has arranged for an annual observance of Canada's national day with the Secretary of State of Canada in charge of the coordination. The format provided for a Trooping the Colours ceremony on the lawn of Parliament Hill in the afternoon, a sunset ceremony in the evening followed by a mass band concert and fireworks display. The format changed in 1968 with the addition of multicultural and professional concerts.

In 1980, a new formula was developed whereby the federal government sponsored the development of local celebrations all across Canada.

"Seed money" was distributed to promote popular and amateur activities organized by volunteer groups in hundreds of local communities. The same approach was also followed for the 1981 celebrations with the addition of fireworks displays in 15 major cities across the nation.

On 27 October 1982, 1 July which was known as "Dominion Day" became "Canada Day".

Since 1985, Committees have been established in each province and territory to plan, organize and coordinate the Canada Day celebrations locally. Grants are provided by the Department to those committees.

In Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada Day and Memorial Day (Commemoration of the Battle of the Somme) are celebrated on the same day.

Source: Canadian Heritage

What happens if Canada Day falls on a weekend?

As is often the case with many statutory holidays in Canada, how a holiday is observed can differ between provinces and territories. The table below shows how Canada Day is treated regionally when 1 July falls on a weekend, with the text taken from the regional government websites.

Province/Territory Comments
Alberta July 1, except when it falls on a Sunday, then it is July 2
British Columbia If July 1st falls on Sunday, Monday July 2nd replaces July 1st as the statutory holiday.
Manitoba No set rule
New Brunswick No set rule
Newfoundland and Labrador Known as Memorial Day and observed on the following Monday if July 1 falls on a weekend.
Nova Scotia Beginning in 2018, July 1 will always be treated as Canada Day, even when it falls on a Sunday. This means certain retail business must close on July 1, and qualifying employees may receive holiday pay.

When a public holiday falls on a day that is not ordinarily a working day for an employee, or during the employee's vacation, the employee is entitled to either:

  • a substitute holiday off with public holiday pay;
  • public holiday pay for the public holiday, if the employee agrees to this in writing (in this case, the employee will not be given a substitute day off).
Prince Edward Island If a holiday falls on a scheduled day off (Saturday or Sunday), your holiday is moved to the following workday.
Quebec July 1st. If this date falls on a Sunday: July 2nd
Saskatchewan Observed on the following Monday
Northwest Territories No set rule
Nunavut No set rule
Yukon The first working day immediately following the general holiday becomes the general holiday for that employee.

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