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Zumbi dos Palmares

National Holidays in Brazil National commemorative day in Brazil, celebrated on 20 November

National Holidays for Brazil

When is Black Awareness Day?

How long until Zumbi dos Palmares?
This holiday next takes place in 180 Days.
Dates of Zumbi dos Palmares
Year Weekday Date
2019 Wednesday November 20th
2018 Tuesday November 20th
2017 Monday November 20th
2016 Sunday November 20th
2015 Friday November 20th
Duration
1 Day
Local Name
Dia Nacional da Consciência Negra
Summary
Zumbi dos Palmares was a warlord in the independent kingdom of Palmares. This kingdom had been founded in the seventeenth century by slaves insurgents in the north-eastern Brazil. This day celebrates the first liberation of slaves.

Since the 1960s, 20 November has been celebrated in Brazil as Black Awareness Day (or Black Conscious Day, Portuguese: Dia Nacional da Consciência Negra).

It is a day on which to reflect upon the injustices of slavery and to celebrate the contributions that have been made to Brazilian society by citizens of 'African' descent.

History of Black Awareness Day

The day has an additional special meaning as it honours 'Zumbi', a legendary black hero and freedom fighter.

Zumbi was born inside the largest colony of escaped slaves in Brazil in 1655.

The colony not only consisted of escaped African slaves but also of native Brazilian Indians and other mixed races.

The colony had an government system that organised similar to an African Kingdom with a King and Assembly. The King was chosen from the best warriors. "Zumbi" was chosen this way and under his leadership the colony fought bravely for 65 years against colonisers from Portugal and Holland and was finally destroyed in 1694.

Zumbi, managed to escape from the colony and many believed that he was immortal. He was finally captured on 20 November 1695. He was immediately beheaded and his head was put on public display to convince the locals he was not immortal.

Nowadays "Zumbi" is regarded as a national hero and a symbol of the struggle for freedom.


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