When is Australia Day?
How long until Australia Day ?
|This holiday next takes place in 276 Days.|
Dates of Australia Day
|On January 26, 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip became the first Governor of the colony of New South Wales|
Australia Day a public holiday on 26th January and is Australia's national day.
It marks the arrival of the First Fleet of British Ships at Port Jackson, New South Wales on that date in 1788, and the raising of the Flag of Great Britain by Captain Arthur Phillip.
In each State and Territory, when 26th January falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the date of the public holiday is moved to the following Monday.
History of Australia Day
Captain Arthur Phillip became the first Governor of the colony of New South Wales and the fledgling colony soon began to celebrate the anniversary of their arrival.
During the early nineteenth century, the anniversary was called 'Foundation Day' and was marked by sporting events. In the 1820s, Horseracing was popular but by the 1830s regattas had become popular.
Fifty years after Phillip landed, Australia's first public holiday was announced to celebrate Foundation Day 1838. The inaugural holiday became an annual event and has continued to be held on or around January 26.
By 1888, all the colonial capitals, except Adelaide, proclaimed 'Anniversary Day' a public holiday and celebrations took place throughout the individual colonies.
The 150th anniversary of white settlement in 1938 was marked with official ceremonies around the nation celebrating the arrival of Captain Phillip.
In 1946, the Commonwealth Government, States, and Territories agreed that there should be one national day 'Australia Day' under one banner and on the same day.
However, the Australia Day public holiday was still held on the Monday closest to January 26th.
In the bi-centenary year, 1988, Australia Day was held around the nation on January 26th. The highlight of the many celebrations was a re-enactment of the First Fleet's trip which departed from Portsmouth on May 13, 1987, and arrived in Australia in early January.
It was not until 1994 that all the states and territories endorsed the celebration of Australia Day on the actual day, instead of the nearest Monday. United Australia Day celebrations have been held on 26th January or the following Monday ever since.
Australia Day consists of formal ceremonies around the nation along with local fun events.
Did you know?
The world's largest cattle station, Anna Creek Station in Australia, is larger than Israel.
Koalas sleep for about 20 hours per day.
90% of Australians live on the coast.
The Great Barrier Reef is the world's biggest single structure made by living organisms.
The Indian Pacific train route between Sydney and Perth has the longest straight section of train track in the world.