When is Veterans Day (observed)?
Veterans Day is a federal holiday and a state holiday in all states. It is observed on the weekday nearest to November 11th.
The holiday honours all veterans of the United States armed forces.
A traditional observation is a moment of silence at 11 AM remembering those who fought for peace. (Commemorates the cease-fire in the 1918 armistice which was scheduled for "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month.")
The day of recognition for Veterans of the Great War (World War I) on this date was first proclaimed by President Wilson on November 11, 1919. In May 1938, the 11th of November in each year was declared a legal holiday and was known as 'Armistice Day'.
The war which claimed the most American lives was the Civil war, with over 618,000 deaths, compared to 416,000 in World War II.
In 1953, a shoe store owner named Al King started a campaign that the day should celebrate all veterans, not just those who served in World War 1, suggesting it should be renamed 'All' Veterans Day.
Ed's idea was taken up by his local Chamber of Commerce and then by a local congressman, who helped push a bill for the holiday through Congress. President Eisenhower signed it into law and in May 1954, Congress amended officially replaced 'Armistice' with 'Veterans'.