Dates of Independence day in Trinidad & Tobago
This holiday is Trinidad and Tobago's National Day and is always celebrated on 31 August.
Independence Day marks Trinidad and Tobago's independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Trinidad was one of the first islands to encounter Europeans when Christopher Columbus landed on 31 July 1498. Columbus observed Tobago, but didn't make landfall.
Since that first encounter, the islands had periods under rule from various colonial powers, Spanish, French and eventually British with Trinidad formally becoming a crown colony n 1802. The British took control of Tobago during the Napoleonic Wars and the two islands became a combined territory in 1889.
The country was part of the West Indies Federation from 1958 until 1962, when Trinidad and Tobago gained its independence from the United Kingdom on 31 August 1962.
Eric Williams, widely considered to be the 'father of the nation' became the first Prime Minister; he served from 1956, before independence, until his death in 1981. Trinidad and Tobago became a republic in 1976.
Independence Day in Trinidad and Tobago is celebrated by parades and fireworks. There is also an annual national ceremony where those who have served their country are presented with awards.