Celebrated annually on 9 October, this is a public holiday in the Valenciana region of Spain. Valencia is the principal city in the region.
If 9 October falls on a weekend, this holiday may be substituted by another. For instance, in 2016, as 9 October is a Sunday, Valenciana will observe Easter Monday as a public holiday instead.
Known as 'Día de la Comunidad Valenciana', this holiday commemorates the capture of the city of Valencia from Moorish forces in 1238 by King James I of Aragon
Founded as Valencia by the Romans, the city has passed from Christian to Moorish control from the 8th century to the 13th century.
In 1238, King James I of Aragon laid siege to Valencia and after five months, the Moors finally surrendered on 28 September. On 9 October, James took possession of the city.
Whilst many people from different religions were allowed to stay, Fifty thousand Moors were forced to leave. After the Christian victory the city was divided between the forces who had participated in the conquest.
James granted the city new charters of law (known as the Furs of Valencia). The changes brought by James redefined the city and the region in many ways, forming the basis of the character and key traditions of the Valencian regions.
The Valencian region gained full autonomy in 1982.