Celebrated on March 1.
Locally called 'Samil Jeol', Independence Movement day commemorates a nation-wide independence movement which took place in 1919 in protest against colonisation by Japan.
Ithe Protestors demonstrated against the Japanese occupation (Samil means "three-one," signifying third month, first day) which occurred in 1910, depriving Koreans of many freedoms.
the March 1 movement was a turning point; an estimated 2 million people took to the streets in peaceful demonstrations and a Declaration of Independence was read at a rally in Seoul.
The demonstrations met with thousands of arrests, close to 23,000 Koreans being killed or wounded.
Independence leaders formed a provisional government abroad.
The Day is marked by the reading of the 1919 Declaration of Independence at Pagoda Park in Seoul.