How long until Independence Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 10 Days.|
Dates of Independence Day
|Marks the Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union on 27 August 1991|
This public holiday is always celebrated on 27 August. In Romanian, it is called 'Ziua Independenței'. This is Moldova's National Day.
The day marks the adoption of the Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union on 27 August 1991.
Moldavia became a principality in 1359 when Bogdan I took control from the Hungarians. In the middle of the sixteenth century it came under the influence of the Ottoman Empire becoming a vassal state, though Moldova retained control of its own affairs.
Following the end of the Russo-Turkish War, the 1812 Treaty of Bucharest ceded the eastern half of Moldavia to the Russian Empire, which was named the region Bessarabia.
In 1918, after the end of the First World War and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania.
Following the Second World War, Moldova became a territorial entity within the Soviet Union.
Like other Soviet regions, the movement for independence gathered pace in the late 1980's with the change in the political situation created by glasnost and perestroika. The first democratic elections were held in early 1990.
After the failure of the 1991 Soviet coup attempt to remove President Gorbachev, Moldova declared its independence on 27 August 1991.
Moldova's Independence was officially recognized on 2 March 1992, when Moldova became a member of the United Nations.
Did you know?
Until 2010, the Moldovan flag differed on the obverse and reverse sides, with the coat of arms only appearing on the front.
Moldova's Independence Day is celebrated with fireworks, concerts and parades. The Moldovan president will address the nation with a patriotic speech. Along with Christmas Day, this is one of the few Moldovan public holidays on which shops will close.