Madaraka Day is celebrated on 1 June. If 1 June falls on a Sunday, the following Monday will be a holiday. Madraka is the Swahili word for 'power' and Madraka Day is a public holiday to commemorate the day that Kenya took power and attained internal self-rule in 1963
The first colonists from Europe to have a presence in Kenya were German, but in 1890, the region came under control of the Imperial British East Africa Company, and Kenya was part of the British East Africa protectorate from 1895 until it became a British crown colony in 1920.
Disputes over land were common, leading to the Mau Mau rebellion by the Kikuyu people in 1952, which effectively put Kenya into a state of emergency for the next seven years.
The first direct elections took place in 1957, with the Kenya African National Union led by Jomo Kenyatta, an ethnic Kikuyu, forming the first government.
On 1 June 1963, Kenya became a self-governing country when Jomo Kenyatta became the first prime minister.
Full independence from British rule followed on 12 December 1963 when Kenya became an independent nation.