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Rosh Hashanah

National and Public Holidays in Israel National Holiday in Israel

Rosh Hashana

How long until ?
This holiday is today!
Duration
2 Days
Local Name
Summary
Dates of New Year
Year Weekday Date
2019 Tuesday October 1st
2019 Monday September 30th
2018 Tuesday September 11th
2018 Monday September 10th
2017 Friday September 22nd

Rosh Hashanah is literally translated as "head of the year", and refers to the Jewish New Year.

The term first appears in the Tanakh, in Ezekiel. There, however, it does not refer specifically to the first day of the year, but to the "beginning" of the year. In fact, Judaism has four "new year" observances which mark various legal "years", much like 1 January marks the "New Year" of the Gregorian calendar while other dates mark fiscal or other "new year" events.

Rosh Hashanah is the new year for people, animals, and legal contracts. The Mishnah also sets this day aside as the new year for calculating calendar years and sabbatical (shmita) and jubilee (yovel) years. The Torah refers to the day as "The Day of the Blowing of the Shofar" (Yom Terua, Leviticus 23:24), and rabbinic literature and the liturgy itself describe Rosh Hashanah as "The Day of Judgment" (Yom ha-Din) and "The Day of Remembrance" (Yom ha-Zikkaron).

Some midrashic descriptions depict God as sitting upon a throne, while books containing the deeds of all humanity are opened for review, and each person passing in front of Him for evaluation of his or her deeds. All of these names are also referenced in the holiday's extensive liturgy.

This holiday is the first of the High Holidays, the most solemn days of the Jewish year; the high holidays are preceded by the month of Elul, during which Jews are supposed to begin a self-examination and repentance, a process that culminates in the ten days of the Yamim Noraim known as Asseret Yemei Teshuva - The Ten Days of Repentance, beginning with Rosh Hashanah and ending with the holiday of Yom Kippur.

*Like other Jewish holidays, Rosh Hashanah will begin at sundown on the previous day.


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