This statutory public holiday is celebrated on 1 July. If 1 July falls on a weekend, the following Monday will be observed as a holiday.
This holiday commemorates Ghana becoming a republic on 1 July 1960.
Before the arrival of Europeans, Ghana was the location of the Ashanti, a powerful tribe in the region. The area had an abundance of natural resources, including gold and ivory, which attracted the attention of colonists. While the Portuguese had been the first to establish a settlement in the region, the attractiveness of the local riches led to a struggle for control between many European nations. In 1874, Britain took control over parts of the country, naming them the British Gold Coast.
Weakened by the efforts of World War II and a rising desire for independence, Britain began the process of reducing its colonies around the world, including those Africa.
Ghana was the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve independence, on 6 March 1957.
Three years later, Prime Minister Osagyefo Dr Kwame was sworn into office as the first President of the country and the republic was proclaimed on 1 July 1960.
Republic day has also become Senior Citizens' Day, a day to recognise the efforts and contributions of senior citizens to modern Ghana.