Founder's Day

GhanaNational Holiday in Ghana

Flag of Ghana

When is Founder's Day?

This statutory public holiday is celebrated on 21 September. If 21 September falls on a weekend, the following Monday will be observed as a holiday.

This holiday commemorates the birthday of Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana's first President..

History of Founder's Day

In 1874, Britain took control over parts of Ghana, naming them the British Gold Coast.

Britain was weakened by the efforts of World War II and following a rising desire for independence, Ghana was the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve independence, on 6 March 1957.

Dr. Nkrumah was the driving force behind the independence of Ghana from British rule and founded the Convention People’s Party (CPP).

In 1960, Prime Minister Osagyefo Dr Kwame was sworn into office as the first President of the country and the republic was proclaimed on 1 July 1960.

In February 1966, while Nkrumah on a state visit to Vietnam and China, his government was overthrown in a military coup. Nkrumah never returned to Ghana and died in April 1972.

In September 2009, President John Atta Mills declared 21 September (the centenary of Kwame Nkrumah's birth in 1909) to be Founder's Day, a statutory holiday in Ghana.

Nkrumah designed the national flag of Ghana. Its design was inspired by Ethiopia's green-yellow-red Lion of Judah flag with the lion replaced by a black star. Red symbolizes bloodshed and struggle; green stands for beauty and agriculture; yellow represents mineral wealth; and the Black Star represents African freedom.

How is Founder's Day Celebrated?

The day is marked with lectures and events to commemorate the achievements and legacy of Dr. Nkrumah. Recently the CPP has stated that they would like to see Founder's Day marked by an activity such as cleaning up , to make the day more productive.


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